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Verses 41-53

Jehoshaphat in Judah, Ahaziah in Isreal

v. 41. And Jehoshaphat, the son of Asa, began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab, king of Israel. Cf 2 Chronicles 17-21.

v. 42. Jehoshaphat, of whose reign only a very brief summary is here given, was thirty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name, mentioned, as usual, on account of the obvious great influence of the mother in Oriental harems, was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi.

v. 43. And he walked in all the ways of Asa, his father, keeping the covenant of Jehovah; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of the Lord; nevertheless, the high places, those devoted to Jehovah worship, against the real purpose of the Lord, were not taken away; for the people offered and burned incense yet in the high places, they did not confine their worship to the Temple at Jerusalem, as the Lord had ordered.

v. 44. And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel, a state of war having existed between the two kingdoms for about seventy years.

v. 45. Now, the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he showed, especially in building fortresses and in increasing the military forces of the country, and how he warred, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?

v. 46. And the remnant of the sodomites, the male prostitutes, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land, his rule being notable also for that reason.

v. 47. There was then no king in Edom, for the Edomites, who had been conquered by David, had either not succeeded in regaining their independence, or they had not been able to keep it; a deputy was king, acting as governor under the overlordship of the king of Judah.

v. 48. Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish, ocean-going vessels such as were used for the trade with Spain, to go to Ophir for gold; but they went not, for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber, the harbor at the head of the Elanitic Gulf, a storm destroying them at God's command, 2 Chronicles 20:37.

v. 49. Then said Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not, he refused to make a second attempt, after the Lord had so plainly shown his disapproval of the undertaking.

v. 50. And Jehoshaphat slept with his. fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, his father; and Jehoram, his son, reigned in his stead.

v. 51. Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, whose accession to the throne was noted

v. 40. began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

v. 52. And. he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother, in extreme idolatry, and in the way of Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, by introducing idolatry when he erected the golden calves;

v. 53. for he served Baal, and worshiped him, and provoked to anger the Lord God of Israel, according to all that his father had done. The terrible end of his father had not taught this idolater the lesson which he should have learned. It is due to men's own deliberate blindness that they meet with misfortune and are condemned.

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