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Verses 1-17

From Israel to Jesse

v. 1. These are the sons of Israel, that Isaiah of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the bearer of the Messianic promise: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, the six sons of Leah,

v. 2. Dan, the older son of Rachel's maid, Joseph and Benjamin, the two sons of Rachel, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher, the remaining sons of the handmaids.

v. 3. The sons of Judah, who became the bearer of the Messianic promise, Genesis 49:10; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua, the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the Lord; and He slew him, Genesis 38:7.

v. 4. And Tamar, his daughter-in-law, bare him Pharez and Zerah, Genesis 38:29-Amos :. All the sons of Judah were five.

v. 5. The sons of Pharez: Hezron and Hamul.

v. 6. And the sons of Zerah, also known as Ezra, 1 Kings 4:31: Zimri (or Zabdi ), and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara (or Darda), five of them in all. The entire family was known for the wisdom of its members, and for their skill in poetry and music, whence they were even called the sons of Mahol, that is, of musical lore.

v. 7. And the sons of Carmi: Achar (or Achan), the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed, Joshua 6:18; Joshua 7:1.

v. 8. And the sons of Ethan: Azariah.

v. 9. The sons also of Hezron that were born unto him: Jerahmeel, and Ram (or Aram), and Chelubai (or Caleb).

v. 10. And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah, Numbers 1:7;

v. 11. and Nahshon begat Salma (or Salmon), and Salma begat Boaz,

v. 12. and Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse. Cf Ruth 4:18-Song of Solomon :.

v. 13. And Jesse begat his first-born, Eliab; and Abinadab, the second; and Shimma (or Shammah), the third;

v. 14. Nethaneel, the fourth; Raddai, the fifth;

v. 15. Ozem, the sixth; David, the seventh, only seven sons being mentioned here instead of the eight of 1 Samuel 16:10; 1 Samuel 17:12, because one of the younger sons seems to have died before reaching maturity and leaving children ;

v. 16. whose sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah, the nephews of David: Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.

v. 17. And Abigail bare Amasa; and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite, 2 Samuel 17:25. Thus the family of David was shown to go back directly to Judah, a fact which sets forth his importance in the Messianic story.

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