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Arise (450) (anistemi from ana = up, again + histemi = stand, to cause to stand) means literally to get up, to stand up, to stand again, to cause to rise (thus "to raise"), to stand or be erect (Acts 9:41). To rise from a lying or reclined position. To stand straight up from a prostrate position (Acts 14:10). Most uses of anistemi denote the act of getting up from a seated or reclined position. Anistemi is especially common of the preparation of a journey Lk 1:39, Lk 15.18, 20; 17.19. Anistemi can also can be used in the sense of “to appear” or “to come” (Mt 12:41) Figuratively anistemi can refer to a change of position, of “rising” to a position of preeminence or power; e.g., of Christ as a prophet, Acts 3:22; 7:37; as God’s servant in the midst of the nation of Israel, Acts 3:26; as the Son of God in the midst of the nation, Acts 13:33; as a priest, Heb 7:11, 15; as king over the nations, Ro. 15:12; Here in Ephesians 5:14, anistemi is in the aorist imperative which is a command calling for the hearer to do this now. It often conveys a sense of urgency -- Do not delay! Anistemi is used metaphorically in Eph 5:14 calling for the hearer (as discussed above some feel the recipients of this command are believers and some feel they are unbelievers) to arise from the darkness of sin (for the first time if referring to unbelievers who arise and receive salvation or if referring to believers to arise from a state of spiritual sluggishness or "somnolence." See related resource: Discussion of Backsliding ). In Mt 22:24 the idea of anistemi is to cause to be born. Anistemi is combined with sperma (seed) in an idiom "to raise up seed" meaning to beget or to procreate (Mt 22:24, Lxx of Gen 38:8). Anistemi is used in the sense of causing someone to appear as in Acts 3:22 (speaking of the prophecy of Jesus in Dt 18:15). Anistemi is sometimes used of a hostile reaction meaning to stand against, to rise up antagonistically against someone - rising up of Satan = Mk 3:26; officials against people Acts 5:17; seditious leader = Acts 5:36-37; Jews against other Jews = Acts 6:9; false teachers = Acts 20:30; Nu 16:2 (Korah) The most important figurative use of anistemi is to raise up from the dead or to bring back to life. Below are the 30 uses of anistemi that refer to resurrection - Mk 5:42, 31" class="scriptRef">Mark 8:31, 9:9, 31, 34" class="scriptRef">10:34, 12:23, 25, Lk 9:8, 19, 16:31, 18:33, Lk 24:7, 46, John 6:39, 40, 44, 54, Jn 11:23, 11:31, Jn 20:9, Acts 2:24, 32, Acts 9:40, 9:41, 10:41, 13:16, 34, Acts 13:33, Eph 5:14, 1Th 4:14, 1Th 4:16. Comment: The other NT verb used to describe the resurrection is egeiro (the same word used here in Eph 5:14 in the command to "Awake"). The following uses of egeiro describe resurrection from the dead - 9" class="scriptRef">Jn 12:9, 17; Acts 3:15; 4:10; Acts 5:30; Acts 10:40; Acts 13:30; Acts 13:37, Ro 4:24, 25; Ro 6:4, 9; Ro 7:4; 8:11 (twice), Ro 8:34; 10:9; 1Cor 6:14; 15:4, 12, 13, 14, 15 (twice), 1Cor 15:16 (twice), 1Cor 15:17, 20, 29, 32, 35, 42, 43 (twice), 1Cor 15:52; 2Cor 1:9; 4:14 (twice); 2Cor 5:15; Gal 1:1; Eph 1:20; 5:14; Col 2:12; 1Th 1:10; 2Ti 2:8; 1 Pet 1:21. It is notable that Paul favors the use of egeiro over anistemi when describing the resurrection of Jesus. Egeiro is used to describe Abraham's belief in resurrection at the time he was called to sacrifice his son Isaac - Heb 11:19. See other uses of egeiro to describe resurrection in Mt 10:8; John 5:21; Acts 26:8; 2Cor 1:9. Richards summarizes: In the NT, two families of words are used to express this basic doctrine. The verb anistemi means "to raise" or "to arouse [from sleep]." In this word group are also anastasis, exanastasis ("resurrection") and exanistemi ("to raise," "to arouse"). The NT uses all of these words in ordinary senses as well as in the context of resurrection from the dead. These words, almost never used in Greek thought of a recall to life, are used in the NT both of Jesus' resurrection and of the believer's resurrection. Egeiro is a transitive verb meaning "to wake up," "to rouse." Egersis is found only once in the NT (Mt 27:53) and means "an awakening," "a resurrection." Both these groups of words are used when NT writers turn their attention to what happened to Jesus and to what will happen to those who are His. (Richards, L O: Expository Dictionary of Bible Words: Regency) Related Study: Noun = Resurrection = anastasis IS RESURRECTION IN THE OLD TESTAMENT? I have heard some make the statement that God never alludes to resurrection in the Old Testament. But what "saith the LORD"? This study of the uses of anistemi takes us to several passages that help answer this question. Other OT passages that clearly allude to resurrection (but do not use anistemi) include... Job 19:25-27 (Spurgeon’s devotional, Sermon 1, Sermon 2) And as for me, I know that my Redeemer lives, And at the last He will take His stand on the earth. Even after my skin is destroyed, Yet from my flesh I shall see God (Compare Job's question in Job 14:14 "If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my struggle I will wait, Until my change comes."); Whom I myself shall behold, And whom my eyes shall see and not another. My heart faints within me. Comment: In addition to Job, the patriarch Job also believed in the resurrection of the dead (Compare Abraham's confident statement in Ge 22:5 with understanding of life after death as explained in the Heb 11:19) Psalm 16:8 (Note) (Clearly a Messianic Psalm) I have set the LORD continually before me; Because He is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. 9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices; My flesh also will dwell securely. 10 For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Sheol; Neither wilt Thou allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay. (Ed: This passage foreshadows the Resurrection of Jesus). 11 Thou wilt make known to me the path of life; In Thy presence is fulness of joy; In Thy right hand there are pleasures forever. Comment: From the NT quotation of this Psalm 16 passage, we know that David's words transcended his own experience of deliverance from death and ultimately were fulfilled by Christ. Thus Peter (Acts 2:25-28) and Paul (Acts 13:35) both applied the truth prophesied in Psalm 16 to the resurrection of the the Lord Jesus Christ. Hosea 13:14 Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from death? O Death, where are your thorns? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion will be hidden from My sight. Comment: This passage is considered by many to speak of resurrection. Ryrie: The first two statements are rhetorical questions to be answered in the negative: "Will I ransom them from the power of Sheol? No. Will I redeem them from death? No." The next two questions call upon Death and Sheol to unleash their power against Israel. But Paul used this to celebrate victory over death (1 Cor. 15:55). (The Ryrie Study Bible: New American Standard Translation: 1995. Moody Publishers or Wordsearch) John MacArthur: Placing the strong affirmation of deliverance so abruptly after a denunciation intensified the wonder of His unrequited love (cf. Hos 11:8, 9; Lev 26:44). This can apply to God’s restoration of Israel from Assyria, and in future times from all the lands of the dispersion, preserving them and bringing them back to their land for the kingdom of Messiah (Eze 37). It also speaks of the time of personal resurrection as in Da 12:2, 3. Repentant Israelites will be restored to the land and even raised from death to glory. Paul uses this text in 1Co 15:55 (quoting the LXX) to celebrate the future resurrection of the church. The Messiah’s great victory over death and the grave is the firstfruits of the full harvest to come, when all believers will likewise experience the power of His resurrection. (MacArthur, J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word or Logos) In addition the OT records at least two instances of miracles during which a dead individual was restored to life - See 2Ki 4:32-35 and 2Ki 13:21. Anistemi is used up to 4 times in the Septuagint in passages that describe resurrection... (1) Isaiah 26:19 (Note the context - Isa 26:20 - the "indignation" for a "little while" refers to the Great Tribulation - see comment by Dr Henry Morris) Your dead will live (Hebrew = chayah = to live; Lxx = anistemi = rise again - Thus the Lxx is translated "The dead will rise"); Their corpses will rise (egeiro). You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, for your dew is as the dew of the dawn, and the earth will give birth to the departed spirits. Ryrie Comments: (John A Martin in the Bible Knowledge Commentary agrees with Ryrie): This verse, along with Job 19:26 and Da 12:2-note, explicitly teaches the bodily resurrection of OT believers. John MacArthur has a somewhat different interpretation - This speaks of the raising of corporate Israel to participate in the great future banquet (cf. Ezek 37:1ff-note). Daniel 12:2-note speaks of the resurrection of individual OT saints. (2) Jeremiah 30:9 'But they shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up (Hebrew = qum; Lxx = anistemi) for them. Comment: This use might be questioned by some, for not everyone agrees that David will be raised up literally and literally will reign as a king under the King of kings in the Messianic Kingdom. I believe David here refers to David and not the Son of David. Jesus is never called "David" but is called "Son of David." The angelic messenger in Daniel 10-12 certainly ended with a promise to the man of high esteem that he would arise at the end of the age (Da 12:14-note). What is this time phrase refer to? I think this is at the end of the age we are in now -- the "times of the Gentiles" will come to an end when the "fulness of the Gentiles" has come in and Messiah returns to bring an end to the last horrific 3.5 year period of persecution wrought by the Satanically inspired Anti-Christ and all who oppose God's rule. Messiah then sets up His Kingdom based in the Holy City of Jerusalem and rules as "King of kings." If Daniel was promised future resurrection, surely Jeremiah 30:9 can be interpreted as referring to resurrection of King David, a man after God's own heart. (For more discussion see notes attached to the fascinating 1891 book by Jewish believer David Baron - The Jewish Problem) (3) Daniel 12:2-note "Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake (Hebrew = qits; Lxx = anistemi; "will rise again"), these to everlasting life ("believers"), but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt ("Unbelievers"). (4) Daniel 12:13-note "But as for you (Angel speaking to Daniel - this dialogue began in Daniel 10 and spans chapters 10-12), go your way to the end; then you will enter into rest and rise again (Lxx = anistemi) for your allotted portion at the end of the age. Richards adds that... While the doctrine of resurrection is not developed in the OT, it is certainly fair to say that the emergence of the NT's clear teaching comes as no surprise. The Pharisees, who held to the doctrine of resurrection, and the Sadducees, who denied it, might argue about the OT's implications for the resurrection, but Jesus justly condemned the denial of the Sadducees, saying, "You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God" (Mt 22:29; cf. Mk 12:27; Lk 20:38). (Ibid) Related Resources on Resurrection: Resurrection (noun) = word study of anastasis The Two Resurrections - "First" and "Second" - on a timeline Seven Resurrections in Scripture Resurrection - Is it Taught in the Old Testament? Christ's Resurrection Prophesied in the Old Testament... First Fruits as a prophetic picture of Christ's Resurrection The Sign of Jonah as a prophecy of Christ's Resurrection The "Third Day" in Hosea - Does it predict Christ's Resurrection? Resurrection in the Old Testament Anistemi - 108x in 107v in the NT (NAS) - NAS translates anistemi as - arise(4), arises(2), arose(4), get(15), getting(1), got(24), raise(7), raised(4), raised...up again(1), raised up again(1), raising(1), rise(3), rise again(10), risen(2), risen again(2), rises(1), rising(1), rose(6), rose again(1), stand(5), stood(13). Anistemi is used in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (Lxx) in 5.11" class="scriptRef">11.40" class="scriptRef">400 passages - 20" class="scriptRef">20" class="scriptRef">20.8" class="scriptRef">8.8" class="scriptRef">8" class="scriptRef">Gen 4:8; 9.9" class="scriptRef">9.9" class="scriptRef">9:9; 23.10.10" class="scriptRef">10" class="scriptRef">10" class="scriptRef">10.3" class="scriptRef">3" class="scriptRef">313.6" class="scriptRef">6.19" class="scriptRef">19" class="scriptRef">19" class="scriptRef">19.13.6" class="scriptRef">6" class="scriptRef">6.5" class="scriptRef">5" class="scriptRef">5.3" class="scriptRef">3.17.7" class="scriptRef">7" class="scriptRef">7" class="scriptRef">7" class="scriptRef">43.13" class="scriptRef">13" class="scriptRef">13:28.15" class="scriptRef">15" class="scriptRef">15" class="scriptRef">15.14" class="scriptRef">14.31" class="scriptRef">31" class="scriptRef">31" class="scriptRef">31.24" class="scriptRef">24.17" class="scriptRef">17" class="scriptRef">17; 19" class="scriptRef">19.14-Gen.19.38" class="scriptRef">19:14f, 33" class="scriptRef">33, 35" class="scriptRef">35" class="scriptRef">35; 21" class="scriptRef">21" class="scriptRef">21" class="scriptRef">21.14" class="scriptRef">21:14, 18" class="scriptRef">18.18" class="scriptRef">18" class="scriptRef">18" class="scriptRef">18, 32; 22:3, 19; 23:3, 7; 24.10" class="scriptRef">24:10, 54" class="scriptRef">54, 61" class="scriptRef">61; 16.25" class="scriptRef">25" class="scriptRef">25" class="scriptRef">25.34" class="scriptRef">25:34; 26" class="scriptRef">26" class="scriptRef">26" class="scriptRef">26.27" class="scriptRef">27.31" class="scriptRef">31" class="scriptRef">26:31; 27:19, 31, 43; 28:2, 18; 31:13, 17, 35, 55; 32:22; 35:1, 3; 37:7; 38:8, 19; 43:8, 13, 15" class="scriptRef">15" class="scriptRef">15; 44:4; 46:5; Ex 1:8; 2:17; 12" class="scriptRef">12" class="scriptRef">12" class="scriptRef">12.30-Exod.12.51" class="scriptRef">12:30f; 24:13; 26:30; 32:1, 6; Lev 26:1; Num 1:51; 7:1; 11:32; 16:2, 25; 41" class="scriptRef">22:13f, 20ff; 23:18, 24; 24:9, 17, 25; 32:14; Deut 2:13, 24; 9:12; 13:1; 17:8; 18:15, 18; 22:4; 25:7; 28:9; 29" class="scriptRef">29" class="scriptRef">29.22" class="scriptRef">29:22; 31:16; 32:38; 33:11; 34:10; Josh 1:2; 6:12, 15; 7:10, 13; 8:1, 3; 18:4, 8; 21:44; 24:9; Jdg 2:10; 3:21, 31; 4:9, 14; 5:7, 12; 7:9, 15; 8:20f; 9:32, 34f, 43; 10:1, 3; 13:11; 16:3; 18:9; 19:3, 5, 7, 9f, 27f; 20:5, 8, 18f, 33; Ruth 1:6; 2:15; 3:14; 4:5, 10; 1 Sam 1:9; 2:8, 35; 3:8; 9:3, 26; 13:15; 15:12; 16:12f; 17:48, 52; 18:27; 20:41f; 21:10; 23:4, 13, 16, 24; 24:4, 7f; 25:1, 29, 41f; 26:2, 5; 27:2; 28:23, 25; 31:12; 2 Sam 2:14f; 3:10, 21; 6:2; 7:12; 11:2; 12:17, 20f; 13:15, 29, 31; 14:23, 31; 15:9, 14; 17:1, 21ff; 19:7f; 22:39; 23:1, 10; 24:11; 1Kgs 1:50; 2:40; 3:4, 12, 15, 20f; 8:20, 54; 9:5; 11:18, 40; 12:24; 17:9f; 19:3, 5ff, 21; 21:7, 15f, 18; 2Kgs 1:3, 15; 3:24; 4:30; 6:15; 7:5, 7, 12; 8:1f, 21; 9:2, 6; 10:12; 12:20; 13:21; 21:3; 23:3, 25; 25:26; 1Chr 17:11; 22:16; 2Chr 6:10, 41; 7:18; 10:15; 13:4, 6; 20:5, 19, 23; 21:4; 23:18; 24:13, 20; 25:5; 28:12, 15; 29:12; 30:14, 27; 35:19; Ezra 1:5; 2:63; 3:2; 5:2; 9:5, 9; 10:3ff, 10; Neh 2:12, 18; 3:1; 4:14; 7:65; 9:5; Job 1:5, 20; 4:16; 7:4; 14:12; 16:8; 19:18, 26; 24:22; 42:17; Ps 1:5; 3:7; 7:6; 9:19; 10:12; 12:5; 17:13; 20:8; 35:2, 11; 41:8, 10; 44:23, 26; 68:1; 74:22; 76:9; 78:5f; 82:8; 88:10; 94:16; 102:13; 132:8; Pr 24:16; 29:4; 31:15, 26; Eccl 12:4; Song 2:10, 13; 3:2; 5:5; Isa 2:10, 19, 21; 11:10; 14:21; 21:5; 24:20; 26:14, 19; 28:21; 32:9; 33:10; 38:9; 39:1; 43:17; 49:7; 51:17; 52:2; 54:17; Jer 1:17; 2:27f; 6:4f; 8:4; 13:4, 6; 18:2; 23:4f, 20; 25:27; 26:17; 30:9, 12; 31:6; 37:10; 41:2; 46:16; 49:14, 28, 31; 50:32; 51:64; Lam 2:19; Ezek 3:22f; 13:5f; 16:60, 62; 26:20; 34:23, 29; Dan 2:39; 3:24; 4:8; 7:5; 8:22f, 27; 11:4, 7, 14, 20f; 12:2, 13; Hos 6:2; Amos 5:2; 7:2, 5, 9; 8:14; 9:11; Obad 1:1; Jonah 1:2f, 6; 3:2f; Mic 2:10; 4:13; 6:1; 7:8; Hab 2:7; Hag 2:9 Here are a few notable examples Ge 4:8 Cain arising against his brother, Ge 9:9 God "raises up" [establishes] His covenant with Noah to never destroy the world by flood, Ge 13:17 God tells Abram "Arise, walk about the land through its length and breadth; for I will give it to you." Ge 38:8 raise up offspring (Idiomatic expression - anistemi sperma = seed), Ex 1:8 "a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph," Ex 32:6 "rose up to play" [most take this as licentious behavior] and quoted by Paul in 1Cor 10:7, Lev 26:1 setting up idols, Nu 7:1 setting up the Tabernacle, Dt 18:18 raising up a prophet foretelling Jesus first coming, Isa 11:10 of Messiah "will stand [arise] as a signal for the" Gentiles quoted in Ro 15:12. It is also notable that anistemi in the Septuagint frequently introduces divine commissions (e.g., Ge 21:18; Ge 31:13; 1Ki 17:9; Jonah 1:2). Here are all 108 uses of anistemi in the NT with the uses that refer to resurrection highlighted in yellow... Matthew 9:9 As Jesus went on from there, He saw a man called Matthew, sitting in the tax collector's booth; and He said to him, "Follow Me!" And he got up and followed Him. Matthew 12:41 "The men of Nineveh will stand up with this generation at the judgment, and will condemn it because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here. Matthew 22:24 asking, "Teacher, Moses said, 'IF A MAN DIES HAVING NO CHILDREN, HIS BROTHER AS NEXT OF KIN SHALL MARRY HIS WIFE, AND RAISE UP CHILDREN FOR HIS BROTHER.' Matthew 26:62 The high priest stood up and said to Him, "Do You not answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?" Mark 1:35 In the early morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house, and went away to a secluded place, and was praying there. Mark 2:14 As He passed by, He saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting in the tax booth, and He said to him, "Follow Me!" And he got up and followed Him. Mark 3:26 "If Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but he is finished! Mark 5:42 Immediately the girl got (rose) up and began to walk, for she was twelve years old. And immediately they were completely astounded. Comment: Clearly Jairus' daughter (Mk 5:22) was dead, so the fact that she "got up" is synonymous with her "rising from the dead" (although she would still have to experience death.) Mark 7:24 Jesus got up and went away from there to the region of Tyre. And when He had entered a house, He wanted no one to know of it; yet He could not escape notice. Mark 8:31 And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. Mark 9:9 As they were coming down from the mountain, He gave them orders not to relate to anyone what they had seen, until the Son of Man rose from the dead. 10 They seized upon that statement, discussing with one another what rising from the dead meant. Mark 9:27 But Jesus took him by the hand and raised him; and he got up. Mark 9:31 For He was teaching His disciples and telling them, "The Son of Man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill Him; and when He has been killed, He will rise three days later." Mark 10:1 Getting up, He went from there to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan; crowds gathered around Him again, and, according to His custom, He once more began to teach them. Mark 10:34 "They will mock Him and spit on Him, and scourge Him and kill Him, and three days later He will rise again." Mark 12:23 "In the resurrection, when they rise again, which one's wife will she be? For all seven had married her." Mark 12:25 "For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. Mark 14:57 Some stood up and began to give false testimony against Him, saying, Mark 14:60 The high priest stood up and came forward and questioned Jesus, saying, "Do You not answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?" Mark 16:9 Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. Luke 1:39 Now at this time Mary arose and went in a hurry to the hill country, to a city of Judah, Luke 4:16 And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read. Luke 4:29 and they got up and drove Him out of the city, and led Him to the brow of the hill on which their city had been built, in order to throw Him down the cliff. Luke 4:38 Then He got up and left the synagogue, and entered Simon's home. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they asked Him to help her. 39 And standing over her, He rebuked the fever, and it left her; and she immediately got up and waited on them. Luke 5:25 Immediately he got up before them, and picked up what he had been lying on, and went home glorifying God. Luke 5:28 And he left everything behind, and got up and began to follow Him. MacArthur comments: The aorist tense of the verb anistemi (got up) coupled with the imperfect tense of the verb akoloutheo (began to follow) illustrates Matthew’s response. There was a decisive decision (Ed: "got up" at a moment in time) to break with his past, then a continual pattern of following Christ (Ed: This is the sense of the imperfect tense). He began to experience new longings, new aspirations, new affections, a new mind, and a new will; in short, he became a new creature (2Cor 5:17-note). The traitor, extortioner, robber, and outcast sinner became the apostle and evangelist of Jesus Christ. Matthew lost a temporal career, but gained an eternal destiny; he forfeited material possessions, but gained “an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven” (1Peter 1:4-note); he lost sinful companions, but gained the fellowship of the Son of God. Luke 6:8 But He knew what they were thinking, and He said to the man with the withered hand, "Get up and come forward!" And he got up and came forward. Luke 8:55 And her spirit returned, and she got up immediately; and He gave orders for something to be given her to eat. Luke 9:8 and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the prophets of old had risen again. Comment: It is interesting that in Lk 9:7 Luke used egeiro, the other NT verb which is most often used for resurrection. Luke 9:19 They answered and said, "John the Baptist, and others say Elijah; but others, that one of the prophets of old has risen again." Luke 10:25 And a lawyer stood up and put Him to the test, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" Luke 11:7 and from inside he answers and says, 'Do not bother me; the door has already been shut and my children and I are in bed; I cannot get up and give you anything.' 8 "I tell you, even though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence he will get up (egeiro) and give him as much as he needs. Luke 11:32 "The men of Nineveh will stand up (ESV = "rise up") with this generation at the judgment and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here. Luke 15:18 'I will get up and go to my father, and will say to him, "Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight;...20 "So he got up and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and felt compassion for him, and ran and embraced him and kissed him. Luke 16:31 "But he said to him, 'If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be persuaded even if someone rises from the dead.'" Luke 17:19 And He said to him, "Stand up and go; your faith has made you well." Luke 18:33 and after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him; and the third day He will rise again." Luke 22:45 When He rose from prayer, He came to the disciples and found them sleeping from sorrow, 46 and said to them, "Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not enter into temptation." Luke 23:1 Then the whole body of them got up and brought Him before Pilate. Luke 24:7 saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again." Luke 24:12 But Peter got up and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings only; and he went away to his home, marveling at what had happened. Luke 24:33 And they got up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven and those who were with them, Luke 24:46 and He said to them, "Thus it is written (OT Scriptures), that the Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, Comment: Jesus states clearly that the doctrine of the resurrection was taught in the OT. John 6:39 "This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. 40 "For this is the will of My Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I Myself will raise him up on the last day."...44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day....54 "He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. John 11:23 Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again." 24 Martha said to Him, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day." John 11:31 Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and consoling her, when they saw that Mary got up quickly and went out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there. John 20:9 For as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. Acts 1:15 At this time Peter stood up in the midst of the brethren (a gathering of about one hundred and twenty persons was there together), and said, Acts 2:24 "But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power. Acts 2:32 "This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses. Acts 3:22 "Moses said, 'THE LORD GOD WILL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN; TO HIM YOU SHALL GIVE HEED to everything He says to you. Comment: Although some consider the phrase "will raise up" as a foreshadowing on the resurrection of Christ, most do not see this as a prophecy of resurrection. Acts 3:26 "For you first, God raised up His Servant and sent Him to bless you by turning every one of you from your wicked ways." Comment: It should be noted that some favor this use as signifying God elevating Jesus to this position (i.e., His incarnation), and not to resurrection of Jesus. To be sure - Jesus was "raised up" both before and after He died. Hallelujah! Barnes: This expression does not refer to his having raised him from the dead, but is used in the same sense as in Acts 3:22, where God promised that he would raise up a prophet, and send him to teach the people. Peter means that God had appointed his Son Jesus, or had commissioned him to go and preach to the people to turn them away from their sins. Acts 5:6 The young men got up and covered him up, and after carrying him out, they buried him. Acts 5:17 But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates (that is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy. Acts 5:34 But a Pharisee named Gamaliel, a teacher of the Law, respected by all the people, stood up (first in Greek for emphasis) in the Council and gave orders to put the men outside for a short time. Acts 5:36 "For some time ago Theudas rose up, claiming to be somebody, and a group of about four hundred men joined up with him. But he was killed, and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. Acts 5:37 "After this man, Judas of Galilee rose up in the days of the census and drew away some people after him; he too perished, and all those who followed him were scattered. Acts 6:9 But some men from what was called the Synagogue of the Freedmen, including both Cyrenians and Alexandrians, and some from Cilicia and Asia, rose up and argued with Stephen. Acts 7:18 until THERE AROSE ANOTHER KING OVER EGYPT WHO KNEW NOTHING ABOUT JOSEPH. Acts 7:37 "This is the Moses who said to the sons of Israel, 'GOD WILL RAISE UP FOR YOU A PROPHET LIKE ME FROM YOUR BRETHREN.' Acts 8:26 But an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip saying, "Get up and go south to the road that descends from Jerusalem to Gaza." (This is a desert road.) Acts 8:27 So he got up and went; and there was an Ethiopian eunuch, a court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasure; and he had come to Jerusalem to worship, Acts 9:6 but get up and enter the city, and it will be told you what you must do." Acts 9:11 And the Lord said to him, "Get up and go to the street called Straight, and inquire at the house of Judas for a man from Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying, Acts 9:18 And immediately there fell from his eyes something like scales, and he regained his sight, and he got up and was baptized; Acts 9:34 Peter said to him, "Aeneas, Jesus Christ heals you; get up and make your bed." Immediately he got up. Acts 9:39 So Peter arose and went with them. When he arrived, they brought him into the upper room; and all the widows stood beside him, weeping and showing all the tunics and garments that Dorcas used to make while she was with them. Acts 9:40 But Peter sent them all out and knelt down and prayed, and turning to the body, he said, "Tabitha, arise." And she opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter, she sat up. Acts 9:41 And he gave her his hand and raised her up; and calling the saints and widows, he presented her alive. Acts 10:13 A voice came to him, "Get up, Peter, kill and eat!" Acts 10:20 "But get up, go downstairs and accompany them without misgivings, for I have sent them Myself." Acts 10:23 So he invited them in and gave them lodging. And on the next day he got up and went away with them, and some of the brethren from Joppa accompanied him. Acts 10:26 But Peter raised him up, saying, "Stand up; I too am just a man." Acts 10:41 not to all the people, but to witnesses who were chosen beforehand by God, that is, to us who ate and drank with Him after He arose from the dead. Acts 11:7 "I also heard a voice saying to me, 'Get up, Peter; kill and eat.' Acts 11:28 One of them named Agabus stood up and began to indicate by the Spirit that there would certainly be a great famine all over the world. And this took place in the reign of Claudius. Acts 12:7 And behold, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared and a light shone in the cell; and he struck Peter's side and woke him up, saying, "Get up quickly." And his chains fell off his hands. Acts 13:16 Paul stood up, and motioning with his hand said, "Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen: Acts 13:33 that God has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, 'YOU ARE MY SON; TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU.' (Quoting from Psalm 2:7) Comment: Although I have chosen to classify this use as related to Jesus' resurrection (Henry Alford favors that interpretation), there are those (Expositor's Greek Testament, Charles Ryrie) who favor this use as indicative of His incarnation. Anistemi can certainly have that latter sense as seen in Acts 7:37. Acts 13:34 "As for the fact that He raised Him up from the dead, no longer to return to decay, He has spoken in this way: 'I WILL GIVE YOU THE HOLY and SURE blessings OF DAVID.' Acts 14:10 said with a loud voice, "Stand upright on your feet." And he leaped up and began to walk. Acts 14:20 But while the disciples stood around him, he got up and entered the city. The next day he went away with Barnabas to Derbe. Acts 15:7 After there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles would hear the word of the gospel and believe. Acts 17:3 explaining and giving evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, "This Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ." Acts 17:31 because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead." Acts 20:30-note and from among your own selves men will arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them. Acts 22:10 "And I said, 'What shall I do, Lord?' And the Lord said to me, 'Get up and go on into Damascus, and there you will be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.' Acts 22:16 'Now why do you delay? Get up and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His name.' Acts 23:9 And there occurred a great uproar; and some of the scribes of the Pharisaic party stood up and began to argue heatedly, saying, "We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?" Acts 26:16 'But get up and stand on your feet; for this purpose I have appeared to you, to appoint you a minister and a witness not only to the things which you have seen, but also to the things in which I will appear to you; Acts 26:30 The king stood up and the governor and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them, Romans 15:12-note Again Isaiah says, "THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF JESSE, AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES, IN HIM SHALL THE GENTILES HOPE." 1 Corinthians 10:7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, "THE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO PLAY." Ephesians 5:14-note For this reason it says, "Awake, sleeper, And arise from the dead, And Christ will shine on you." 1 Thessalonians 4:14-note For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 1 Thessalonians 4:16-note For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Hebrews 7:11-note Now if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the people received the Law), what further need was there for another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be designated according to the order of Aaron? Hebrews 7:15-note And this is clearer still, if another priest arises according to the likeness of Melchizedek Dead (3498)(nekros) is a body without life and used figuratively in Ephesians 5:14 either to describe the state of unbelievers who have no spiritual life for they are dead in their trespasses and sins (Eph 2:1-note) or to describe the state of believers, in a "death like" stuporous (state of reduced or suspended sensibility) spiritual condition which results from the dulling, deceiving, stupefying (rendering insensitive) effects of sin (hamartia) (even [or especially] in believers! - See related discussion - Deceitfulness of Sin!) S D F Salmond favors that Paul is addressing unbelievers with his call to Awake...Arise, explaining that... The passage is introduced in connection with the reference to the effects of a faithful ‘reproof’ and under the impression of the figure of the light. It takes the form of an appeal to wake out of the pagan condition of sin, described by the two-fold figure of sleep and death, and of a promise that then Christ will shine upon the sinner with the saving light of His truth. The quotation comes in relevantly, therefore, as a further enforcement both of the need for the reproof which is enjoined, and of the good effects of such a reproof faithfully exercised. (See Ephesians 5:14 Commentary - in the Expositors Greek Testament) Napoleon said to his executives after touring China, "This nation is a sleeping giant. If she is ever awakened, she will rock the world." The Church is much more a sleeping giant that needs to be aroused out of her sleep. (Golden Nuggets) AND CHRIST WILL SHINE ON YOU: kai epiphausei (3SPAI) soi o Christos : (John 8:12; 9:5; Acts 13:47; 2Co 4:6; 2Ti 1:10) The path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, that shines brighter and brighter until the full day. Proverbs 4:18 Note by William Arnot (1858) And Christ will shine on you - A conditional promise. The question is will the hearer "Arise!" (Hear and Heed)? John MacArthur (who interprets this section as a call to the unregenerate soul to come to the light of the Gospel of Christ and be saved) gives us a sad illustration of failing to lay hold of this promise... The story is told of a great fire in Edinburgh, Scotland, in which people hurried to exit the building through a passage that led to the street. They were almost safe when a rush of smoke met them, blowing into the passage from the outside. Instead of running through the smoke, they entered a door into a room that seemed safe. But soon all the oxygen was exhausted and they all suffocated. If only they had seen the light they might have lived. (Ibid) Christ (5547) (Christos from chrio = to anoint, rub with oil, consecrate to an office) is the Anointed One, the Messiah, Christos being the Greek equivalent of the transliterated Hebrew word Messiah. JESUS AND LIGHT John 8:12-Spurgeon's Note Again therefore Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who follows (present tense) Me shall not (this is a "double negative" [ou me] in Greek which is the strongest way it could have been stated!) walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life.” Comment: Notice that there are only 2 options - chose to follow Christ and walk in His light or refuse to follow Christ and walk in darkness! In the context of Eph 5:14, whether the recipients of the command to "Arise" are believers or unbelievers, the result is the same for those who hear and obey the command - they will receive the "light of life." In other words they will be enabled by the Spirit of Christ to live a life filled with light rather than darkness (of sinful deeds). This is life abundant. This is a life in which one's joy is filled to the brim by Christ's Spirit. Acts 13:47 “For thus the Lord has commanded us, ‘I HAVE PLACED YOU AS A LIGHT FOR THE GENTILES, THAT YOU SHOULD BRING SALVATION TO THE END OF THE EARTH.’” Comment: Those who come to the Light receive salvation (cp Jn 8:12). 2Cor 4:6-note (Spurgeon sermon) For God, Who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ. 2Ti 1:10-note but now (Context = 2Ti 1:9) has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus (Incarnation), Who abolished (made ineffective) death, and brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel,

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