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Lie (5579) (pseudos from pseudomai = to lie) (See also another discussion of pseudos) (See pseudos combined with other words in Scripture) refers to conscious and intentional falsehood. The basic sense is that which is false (untrue, not according to truth or fact). Pseudos is a falsehood that has the purpose of deception (or that which causes one to accept as true or valid that which is actually false or invalid). A lie is a statement used with the intention of deceiving or defrauding. Lies are not only the spoken words but also actions (1Jn 1:6 - verb pseudomai) or a reference to idols (Amos 2:4 - where "their lies" ~ their vain idols). Lying is a natural expression of Satan's character (John 8:44). Here in Romans, pseudos describes the fundamental attitude underlying the sin of idolatry -- exchanging the truth of God for a lie. Note how serious God considers lying, even including it in the last two chapters of Scripture (Re 21:27-note; Re 22:15-note > literally "all continually loving and continually doing a lie!" So not just an occasional lie but an entire life lived as a lie!) where He emphasizes that those who lie have no part whatever with His people in His heavenly city of Jerusalem. Lying is a serious sin! Therefore it is not surprising that Paul exhorts believers to lay aside falsehood (Eph 4:25-note) Falsehood - The state or quality of being untrue. Contrariety or inconformity to fact or truth. An untrue statement. Absence of truth or accuracy. There are 10 uses of pseudos in the NT - Jn 8:44; Ro. 1:25; Ep 4:25; 2Th 2:9, 11; 1Jn 2:21, 27; Re 14:5; 21:27; 22:15 There are 34 uses of pseudos in the Septuagint (LXX) -- Job 16:8; Ps 4:2; 5:6; 58:3; 59:12; 62:4; Pr 9:12; 14:5, 25; 24:2, 22; Is 28:15, 17; 30:12; 44:20; Jer 3:10, 23; 5:2; 9:3; 13.25" class="scriptRef">13:25; 23:14, 32; 37:14; 43:2; Ezek 33:31; Da 8:25; 11:23; Ho 4:2; 7:3, 13; 11:12; Mic 2:11; Zech 5:4; Mal 3:5 Easton's Bible Dictionary states that a lie is an intentional violation of the truth. Lies are emphatically condemned in Scripture (Jn 8:44; 1Ti 1:9, 10; Re 21:27; 22:15). Mention is made of the lies told by good men, as by Abraham (Ge 12:12, 13; 20:2), Isaac (Ge 26:7), and Jacob (Ge 27:24); also by the Hebrew midwives (Ex 1:15-19), by Michal (1 Sa 19:14), and by David (1 Sa 20:6). (See ANANIAS) ISBE has the following entry... LIE; LYING - li, (sheqer (usually, e.g. 15" class="scriptRef">Is 9:15; Zec 13:3), or kazabh verb (Job 34:6; Mic 2:11); pseudos (Jn 8:44; Rev 21:27), "to speak falsely," "to fabricate," "to make a false statement"; pseudomai, in Acts 5:3,1) Lying Defined: In its very essence, a lie is something said with intent to deceive. It is not always a spoken word that is a lie, for a life lived under false pretenses, a hypocritical life, may be a lie equally with a false word (Jer 23:14). A vain thing, like an idol, may be a lie (Is 59:4), as also a false system (Rom 3:7). Error, as opposed to truth, is a lie (1 Jn 2:21). The denial of the deity of Jesus Christ is regarded as "the" lie (1 Jn 2:22). The origin of lies and lying is traced to Satan who is called "a liar, and the father thereof" (Jn 8:44; Acts 5:3). Satan's dealing with Eve (Gen 3:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) furnishes us with a splendid illustration of the first lie, so far as we have any record of it. God's Attitude toward Lying: God's attitude toward this sin is strongly marked throughout both the Old Testament and New Testament. The righteous are called upon to hate lying (Prov 13:5), to avoid it (Zeph 3:13), to respect not those who lie, and utterly reject their company (Ps 40:4; 101:7), to pray to be delivered from it (Ps 119:29). The wicked are said to love lying (Ps 52:3), to delight in it (Ps 62:4), to seek after it (Ps 4:2), and to give heed to it (Prov 17:4). Lying leads to worse crimes (Hos 4:1,2). The Penalty: The punishment to be meted out to liars is of the severest kind. They are positively and absolutely excluded from heaven (Rev 21:27; 22:15), and those who are guilty of this sin are cast into the lake of fire (Rev 21:8). We are reminded of the awful fate meted out to Ananias and Sapphira when they lied to God and man (Acts 5:1-11). God will "destroy them that speak lies" (Ps 5:6), and "he that uttereth lies shall not escape" (Prov 19:5), yea "a sword is upon the liars" (Jer 50:36 the King James Version). The liar is thereby debarred from rendering any true and acceptable worship unto the Lord (Ps 24:4). The Scriptures abound with illustrations of lying and the results and penalties therefor. A careful study of these illustrations will reveal the subtlety of falsehood. Sometimes a lie is a half-truth, as set forth in the story of Satan's temptation of Eve (Gen 3). Cain's lie (Gen 4:9) was of the nature of an evasive answer to a direct question. Jacob's deception of his father, in order that he might inherit the blessing of the firstborn, was a barefaced and deliberate lie (Gen 27:19). The answer which Joseph's brethren gave to their father when he asked them concerning the welfare of their brother Joseph is an illustration, as well as a revelation, of the depth of the wickedness of hearts that deliberately set themselves to falsify and deceive (Gen 37:31,32). Even good men are sometimes overtaken in a lie, which, of course, is no more excusable in them than in the wicked; indeed, it is more shameful because the righteous are professed followers of the truth (David in 1 Sam 21:2). What more striking example of the heinousness of lying in the sight of God can we have than the fate which befell Gehazi who, in order to satisfy a covetous desire for possessions, misrepresented his master Elisha to Naaman the Syrian whom the prophet had healed of his leprosy: "The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow" (2 Ki 5:22-27)? The story of Peter's denial of his Lord, and his persistent asseverations that he did not know Him and was not one of His followers, makes us shudder to think that it is possible for a follower of Christ so far to forget himself as not only to lie, but buttress lying with swearing (Mt 26:72). Pseudos United with Other Words: Throughout the Scriptures we find pseudos joined to other words, e.g. "false apostles" (pseudapostolos, 2 Cor 11:13), so called probably because a true apostle delivers the message of another, namely, God, while these "false apostles" cared only for self. Such are from Satan, and, like him, they transform themselves into angels of light, and sail under false colors. We read also of "false prophets" (pseudoprophetes, Mt 7:15; compare Jer 23:16 f), thereby meaning those who falsely claim to bring messages from God and to speak in behalf of God. Mention is made also of "false brethren" (pseudadelphos, 2 Cor 11:26), meaning Judaizing teachers, as in Gal 2:4; "false teachers" (pseudodidaskalos, 2Pe2:1), men whose teaching was false and who falsely claimed the teacher's office. We read further of "false witnesses" (pseudomartus, Mt 26:60, 1Cor 15:15; cp Mt 19:18, Mk 10:19, Lk 18:20); by such are meant those who swear falsely, and testify to what they know is not true. So, too, we find mention of the "false Christs" (pseudochristoi, Mt 24:24; Mark 13:22). This personage does not so much deny the existence of a Christ, but rather, on the contrary, builds upon the world's expectations of such a person, and falsely, arrogantly, blasphemously asserts they he is the Christ promised and foretold. It is the Antichrist who denies that there is a Christ; the false Christ affirms himself to be the Christ. Of course there is a sense in which the man of sin will be both Antichrist and a false Christ. AND WORSHIPED AND SERVED THE CREATURE (creation): kai esebasthesan (3PAPI) kai elatreusan (3PAAI) te ktisei: (Ro 1:23; Mt 6:24; 10:37; 2Ti 3:4; 1Jn 2:15, 16, 17, cp James 4:4) Spurgeon quipped that... It is very easy to make a beast of yourself when you have made a beast to be your god, as the Egyptians did, when they worshipped the god that they had made in the form of an ox, or a crocodile, or a cat. There are many preachers who have "changed the truth of God into a lie"; and by their exaltation of man, they have "worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever." God save all of us from such idolatry as that! Amen.

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