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Poured out (1632) (ekcheo from ek = out + chéo = pour) means literally to flow out, to gush forth or to pour out . The inherent idea is to cause something to be emitted in quantity. Used of literal pouring out of liquids = wine from wineskins in Mt 9:17; Mk 2:22 and Lk 5:37; Jn 2:15, Acts 1:18. Used of literal pouring out of solids - coins of the moneychangers in John 2:15, bowels of Judas in Acts 1:18. Holy Spirit poured out - Acts 2:17-18, 2:33, Acts 10:45; love of God poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit; Titus 3:6 To pour out blood is an idiomatic way of saying to murder (of righteous blood shed Mt 23:35, Luke 11:50, Acts 22:20; see note Romans 3:15. Figuratively in Jude 1:11 Woe to them! For they have gone the way of Cain, and for pay they have rushed (ekcheo) headlong into the error of Balaam, and perished in the rebellion of Korah. Of the blood of Christ... Mt 26:28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. (also in Mark 14:24) Mark 14:24 And He said to them, "This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Luke 22:20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood. Ekcheo denotes both abundance and diffusion. It refers to a lavish outpouring to the point of overflowing. Figuratively ekcheo describes experiencing something in an abundant manner and so to fully experience. Ekcheo is found 27x in NAS (6.6" class="scriptRef">6.17" class="scriptRef">17" class="scriptRef">17" class="scriptRef">Matt. 9:17; 23:35; 6.28" class="scriptRef">8" class="scriptRef">8" class="scriptRef">26:28; Mk. 14:24; Lk. 5:37; 11:50; 22:20; Jn. 2:15; Acts 1:18; 2:17f, 33; 10" class="scriptRef">10" class="scriptRef">10.45" class="scriptRef">10:45; 22:20; Rom. 3:15; 5:5; Titus 3:6; Jude 1:11; Rev. 16:1ff, 6, 8, 10, 12, 17). The NAS translates ekcheo: pour, 1; pour forth, 2; poured, 10; poured forth, 1; pours, 1; shed, 1. The 10 uses of ekcheo in Revelation 16 is notable as this chapter expounds on the wrath of God which is poured out in the 7 bowl judgments: Re 16:1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17- see notes Rev 16:1; 2; 3; 4; 6; 8; 10; 17 Ekcheo - 22.6" class="scriptRef">6.11" class="scriptRef">114x in the Septuagint (LXX)- 9.79.6" class="scriptRef">6" class="scriptRef">Gen. 9:6; 37:22; 38.9" class="scriptRef">38:9; Exod. 4:9; 12" class="scriptRef">12" class="scriptRef">29:12; 30.18" class="scriptRef">30:18; Lev. 4:7, 12, 18, 13" class="scriptRef">13.5" class="scriptRef">5" class="scriptRef">25, 30, 34; 15" class="scriptRef">8:15; 9:9; 14:41; 17.4" class="scriptRef">17:4, 13; 19.17" class="scriptRef">Num. 19:17; 35:33; Deut. 12:16, 24; 15:23; 10" class="scriptRef">19:10; 21.7" class="scriptRef">21:7; Jdg. 6:20; 20:37; 1 Sam. 1:15; 7:6; 31" class="scriptRef">25:31; 2 Sam. 20:10, 15; 1 Ki. 2:31; 13:3, 5; 2 Ki. 19:32; 21:16; 24:4; 1 Chr. 22:8; 28:3; 36.5" class="scriptRef">2 Chr. 36:5; Job 12:21; 16:13; 30:16; Ps. 14:3; 22:14; 35:3; 42:4; 45:2; 62:8; 69:24; 73:2; 79:3, 6, 10; 102:1; 106:38; 107:40; 142:2; Prov. 1:16; 6:17; Eccl. 11:3; Isa. 57:6; 59:7; Jer. 6:6, 11; 7:6; 10:25; 14:16; 22:3, 17; Lam. 2:4, 11f, 19; 4:1, 11, 13; Ezek. 7:8; 9:8; 14:19; 16:15, 36, 38; 18:10; 20:8, 13, 21; 21:31; 22:3f, 6, 9, 12, 22, 27, 31; 23:8; 24:3, 7; 30:15; 36:18; 39:29; Dan. 11:15; Hos. 5:10; 12:14; Joel 2:28f; 3:19; Amos 5:8; 9:6; Zeph. 1:17; 3:8; Zech. 12:10; Mal. 3:10 Poured out is in the aorist tense which points to a completed act of outpouring in the past. This past outpouring would certainly appear to be an allusion to Pentecost the initial outpouring of which Joel foretold and Luke documented declaring... "And it will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dream dreams, Your young men will see visions. (Joel 2:28) "Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He (Jesus) has poured forth this which you both see and hear. (Luke 2:33) Nevertheless, since Paul writes "on us" (and he was not saved in Acts 2 on Pentecost) he has a broader audience in mind as he discusses in Romans 5:5 where he explains that... hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit Who was given to us. (see note Romans 5:5) For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit. (1Cor 12:13) However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. (see note Romans 8:9) (Comment: Note the two names of the Spirit, thus Christ is God as is the Holy Spirit. Furthermore the presence or absence of salvation for a man is determined by the presence or absence of the Holy Spirit. Regardless of works, religion, or ritual, men are lost if they do not have the indwelling Holy Spirit.) Paul's point is that the Spirit is poured out on each believer when they experience the new birth. In a very real sense, the Spirit's work in each believer as a member of the Body is a continuation of the Pentecostal outpouring. Richly (4146) (plousios) pertains to that which exists in a large amount with the implication of its being valuable in large amount. God has not held back but poured out the Holy Spirit abundantly upon every believer. Paul is emphasizing that the Holy Spirit is given to us freely and generously, and that the Holy Spirit is always available to help us. God always gives extravagantly. He is never niggardly nor stingy, and so it follows that every inadequate experience of our new life in Christ and failure to experience the abundant life led by the Spirit is always due to some human impediment. In other words, we believers can never blame God for our experiential "short fall", as if He had not given us adequate provisions to walk in newness of life as more than conquerors in Christ Jesus! It is not that we can't live the victorious Christ life but it is sadly all to often that we simply won't live that new life. As Peter reiterates... His divine power has granted (perfect tense) to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge (which clearly implies we are daily in the Word of Truth, the only source of this true knowledge) of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence. For by these He has granted (perfect tense) to us His precious and magnificent promises, in order that by them you might become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust. (see notes 2 Peter 1:3; 1:4) How many of us genuinely experience what Jesus promised when He declared... "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, 'From his innermost being shall flow rivers of living water.' But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified. (John 7:38-39) (Comment: Too many times my innermost being feels more like a stagnant pond! But clearly these passages document that this is not Jesus' fault nor the Spirit's fault but is my own fault, as I far too often choose to walk according to my will rather than according to the good and acceptable and perfect will of God!) THROUGH JESUS CHRIST OUR SAVIOUR: dia Iesou Christou tou soteros hemon: (Titus 1:4; Jn 4:10; 14:16,17; 16:7; Ro 8:2) Through (1223) (dia) is a preposition indicating instrumentality or the mode by which something was transferred, in this case referring to the abundant, copious, rich outpouring of the Holy Spirit through the "Conduit" of our Great High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus is the "medium" through Whom the Spirit's presence is secured to every believer without exception. A Simple Study On the Phrase "Through Him" Consider the following simple study - observe and record the wonderful truths that accrue through Him - this would make an edifying, easy to prepare Sunday School lesson - then take some time to give thanks for these great truths by offering up a sacrifice of praise...through Him. John 1:3 [NIV reads "through Him"], John 1:7, John 1:10,Jn 3:17, Jn 14:6, Acts 3:16, Acts 7:25, Acts 10:43, Acts 13:38-39, Romans 5:9 [note], Romans 8:37 [note], Ro 11:36 [note]; 1Cor 8:6, Ep 2:18 [note], Php 4:13 [note], Col 1:20 [note], Col 2:15 [note], Col 3:17 [note], He 7:25 [note], He 13:15 [note],1Pe 1:21 [note], 1John 4:9 Would you like more study on the wonderful topic of through Him? Click the NT uses of the parallel phrase through Jesus or see (John 1:17, Acts 10:36, Ro 1:8-note, Ro 5:1,2-note v1; v2 Ro 5:21-note, Ro 7:25-note, Ro 16:27-note, Gal 1:1, Ep 1:5-note, Php 1:11-note, Titus 3:6-note, He 13:21-note, 1Pe 2:5-note, 1Pe 4:11-note, Jude 1:25) All things are from Him, through Him and to Him. To Him be the glory forever. Amen. Our points out once more the personal appropriation of Jesus as Savior on the believer's part. "Copy and paste the address below into your web browser in order to go to the original page which will allow you to access live links related to the material on this page - these links include Scriptures (which can be read in context), Scripture pop-ups on mouse over, and a variety of related resources such as Bible dictionary articles, commentaries, sermon notes and theological journal articles related to the topic under discussion."

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