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honorable is the marriage in all, and the bed undefiled, and whoremongers and adulterers God shall judge. Regard for marriage and for the physical intimacy of marriage is an essential aspect of the pursuit of holiness he has just discussed in the previous chapter (Heb 12:14-note). Honor - The literal rendering is "Precious the marriage in all" Honor (5093) (timios - see study of related verb timao) literally speaks of things which are costly, precious or valuable (Re 17:4-note) or of persons who are "precious" and thus are highly regarded, esteemed or honored (Acts 5:34, 17:34). Timios describes that which possesses exceptional value (costly, of great worth). Timios was used to refer to precious metals and stones. There are 13 uses of timios in the NT - Acts 5:34; 20:24; 1Co 3:12 (referring to works that endure eternally for they are built upon or with "gold, silver and precious stones"); Heb 13:4-note; James 5:7; 1Pe 1:19-note (referring to the "precious blood" of Jesus); 2Pe 1:4-note (the "precious and magnificent promises" of God); Re 17:4-note; Re 18:12-note, Re 18:16-note; Re 21:11-note, Re 21:19-note - observe the striking contrast between the two "women" in the last part of Revelation). The NAS translates it - dear(1), honor(1), precious(8), respected(1), very costly(2). The KJV translates it - precious 8, most precious 2, more precious 1, dear 1, honourable 1, had in reputation 1 There are 33 uses of timios in the Septuagint - 1Sa 3:1; 2Sa 12:30; 1Ki. 5:17; 7:9, 10, 11; 10:2, 10, 11; 1Chr. 20:2; 29:2; 2Chr. 3:6; 9:1, 9, 10; 32:27; Ezra 4:10; Job 28:16; 19.10" class="scriptRef">Ps 19:10; 21:3; 116:15; Pr 3:15; 6:26; 8:11, 19; 12:27; 20:6; 24:4; 31:10; Eccl 10:1; Je 15:19; Lam 4:2; Da 11:38; Ho 11:7 Marriage is honored when the husband is the head (1Co 11:3, Ep 5:23-note), the wife submits (1Pe 3:1-note, 1Pe 3:6-note), there is mutual love and respect (1Pe 3:7-note). Marriage vows must not be taken lightly. Marriage means fidelity and commitment to one's spouse. Only as partners honor marriage can sexual union bring its intended fulfillment. (See Pr 5:15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23; 1Co 7:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.) Kent Hughes writes that... Today radical secular wisdom claims that marriage impedes self-actualization—an unforgivable "sin". The main attacks today are mostly libertine. For many, “marriage” is at best a provisional arrangement between two people (sexual orientation is irrelevant) that can be dissolved whenever one wishes, for any reason. To be sure, not all conventional attitudes toward marriage are as extreme, though there is a growing skepticism regarding love and marriage. As one person sarcastically put it, “Love: temporary insanity curable by marriage.” But what does this have to do with the survival of the church? Everything! I can think of no more efficient way to sink that ship than through adultery and sexual immorality. The reasons are elementary. Immorality perverts theology. I have seen this time and time again with preachers—famous and unknown. They become involved in a secret affair (perhaps several) and yet keep on preaching. But over time an amazing phenomenon takes place—they unconsciously detach themselves from truth. Like the ancient Averroists, they divide truth, so that there is a truth for them and another truth for others. They may not articulate this, but they become practical relativists, and their relativism so eats away at their belief that many, after the trauma of discovery, leave the faith. Tragic shipwreck! The damage to the church is immense. Preachers caught in such sins suffer a reduction in spiritual ethos. They increasingly sound like old-time railroad conductors who loudly invite people to embark to destinations they themselves have never visited and to which they are incapable of traveling. Powerlessness becomes the hallmark of their rhetoric. And, of course, they discredit the Word. I can think of no better way to damn the soul of a junior-higher who is just beginning to experience spiritual stirrings than through the fall of a pastor, Sunday school teacher, or other spiritual leader. There can be no more efficient way to dampen the spiritual aspiration of a young family man than adulterous leaders. Because such sin is a particularly lethal sin against the church, I have at times prayed this with my ministerial colleagues: “Lord, if adultery would lie in the future for any of us should we continue to live—then take us home now.” Better dead than damage the church! (Hughes, R. K. Hebrews: An Anchor for the Soul. Volume 1. Crossway Books; Volume 2 or Logos) Ralph Alexander emphasizes the effect of the fall of man on God's institution of marriage... The fall made human hearts hard toward God and toward each other. The relational aspect of God's image became marred. Rebellion against submission to male leadership was Satan's initial temptation (Ge 3:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 17; contra Ep 5:33; 1Pe 3:1). Male domination and harshness crept into leadership (cf. Col 3:19; 1Pe 3:7). Sin caused polygamy, concubinage, incest, adultery, rape, prostitution, and all kinds of immorality (cf. Lev. 18, 20; Ro 1:26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32) to damage or destroy the marriage relationship. Marriage commitments are violated. Divorce, premarital sex, and couples living together out of wedlock would never have occurred had not sin entered the world. The fall severely damaged the marriage relationship. For marriage to function now according to God's ideal, believers in Christ need to marry only believers. Whenever God directly brought a man and woman together in marriage, both were believers. Although pagan customs encouraged marriage with anyone (cf. Gen 16), Israel was given explicit commands not to marry foreigners who would lead them to worship foreign deities (Dt 7:1, 2, 3, 4; 13:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; 17:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 20:17; 23:2). New Testament believers are also not to be "unequally yoked" with unbelievers (2Cor 6:14), meaning any action causing the union of believer with nonbeliever, or non-believing ways, must be avoided. (Baker's Evangelical Dictionary - excellent, recommended article on marriage) Study Torrey's Topical collection of Scriptures for an excellent summary of what God says about marriage. This would make a great Sunday School series or Sermon series -- simply walking through the Scriptures and allowing God to say what He says about the honorable institution of marriage. Is there a desperate need? Did the sun rise this morning! The post-Christian society in American is rapidly and radically jettisoning all Biblical truth related to the divine institution of marriage and in so doing is removing one of the foundational pillars of our society. It is time for the Church of Jesus Christ to take a radical stand for righteousness and holiness! 1. Divinely instituted. Ge 2:24. 2. A covenant relationship. Mal 2:4. 3. Designed for a. The happiness of man. Ge 2:18. b. Increasing the human population. Ge 1:28; 9:1. c. Raising up godly seed. Mal 2:15. d. Preventing fornication. 1Co 7:2. 4. The expectation of the promised seed of the woman an incentive to, in the early age. Ge 3:15; 4:1. 5. Lawful in all. 1Co 7:2,28; 1Ti 5:14. 6. Honorable for all. Heb 13:4. 7. Should be only in the Lord. 1Co 7:39. 8. Expressed by a. Joining together. Mt 19:6. b. Making affinity. 1Ki 3:1. c. Taking to wife. Ex 2:1. d. Giving daughters to sons, and sons to daughters. Deut 7:3; Ezr 9:12. 9. Indissoluble during the joint lives of the parties. Mt 19:6; Ro 7:2,3; 1Co 7:39. 10. Early introduction of polygamy. Ge 4:19. 11. Contracted in patriarchal age with near relations. Ge 20:12; 24:24; 28:2. 12. Often contracted by parents for children. Ge 24:49-51; 34:6,8. 13. Should be with consent of parents. Ge 28:8; Jdg14:2,3. 14. Consent of the parties necessary to. Ge 24:57,58; 1Sa 18:20; 25:41. 15. Parents might refuse to give their children in. Ex 22:17; Deut 7:3. 16. The Jews a. Forbidden to contract, with their near relations. Le 18:6. b. Forbidden to contract with idolaters. Deut 7:3,4; Jos 23:12; Ezr 9:11,12. c. Often contracted with foreigners. 1Ki 11:1; Ne 13:23. d. Sometimes guilty of polygamy. 1Ki 11:1,3. e. Careful in contracting for their children. Ge 24:2,3; 28:1,2. f. Betrothed themselves some time before. Deut 20:7; Jdg14:5,7,8; Mt 1:18. g. Contracted when young. Pr 2:17; Joe 1:8. h. Often contracted, in their own tribe. Ex 2:1; Nu 36:6-13; Lk 1:5,27. i. Obliged to contract with a brother’s wife who died without seed. Deut 25:5; Mt 22:24. j. Considered being debarred from, a reproach. Is 4:1. k. Considered being debarred from, a cause of grief. Jdg11:38. l. Often punished by being debarred from. Jer 7:34; 16:9; 25:10. m. Were allowed divorce from, because of hardness of their hearts. Deut 24:1; Mt 19:7,8. n. Exempted from going to war immediately after. Deut 20:7 17. Priest not to contract, with divorced or improper persons. Le 21:7. 18. The high priest not to contract, with a widow or a divorced or profane person. Le 21:14. 19. Contracted at the gate and before witnesses. Ru 4:1,10,11. 20. Modes of demanding women in. Ge 24:3,4; 34:6,8; 1Sa 25:39,40. 21. Elder daughters usually given in, before the younger. Ge 29:26. 22. A dowry given to the woman’s parents before. Ge 29:18; 34:12; 1Sa 18:27,28; Ho 3:2. 23. Celebrated a. With great rejoicing. Jer 33:11; Jn 3:29. b. With feasting. Ge 29:22; Jdg14:10; Mt 22:2,3; Jn 2:1-10. c. For seven days. Jdg14:12. 24. A benediction pronounced after. Ge 24:60; Ru 4:11,12. 25. The bride a. Received presents before. Ge 24:53. b. Given a handmaid at. Ge 24:59; 29.24" class="scriptRef">29:24,29. c. Adorned with jewels for. Is 49:18; 61:10. d. Gorgeously apparelled. Ps 45:13,14. e. Attended by bridesmaids. Ps 45:9. f. Stood on the right of bridegroom. Ps 45:9. g. Called to forget her father’s house. Ps 45:10. 26. The bridegroom a. Adorned with ornaments. Is 61:10. b. Attended by many friends. Jdg14:11; Jn 3:29. c. Presented with gifts. Ps 45:12. d. Crowned with garlands. Song 3:11. e. Rejoiced over the bride. Is 62:5. f. Returned with the bride to his house at night. Mt 25:1-6. 27. Garments provided for guests at. Mt 22:12. 28. Infidelity of those contracted in, punished as if married. Deut 22:23,24; Mt 1:19. 29. Illustrative of a. God’s union with the Jewish nation. Is 54:5; Jer 3:14; Ho 2:19,20. b. Christ’s union with his church. Eph 5:23,24,32. AND THE MARRIAGE BED BE UNDEFILED : kai e koite amianto: (Heb 12:16; 1Co 6:9; Ga 5:19,21; Ep 5:5; Col 3:5,6; Re 22:15) THE BATTLE FOR MARITAL PURITY Marriage - The word "marriage" is added but literally it simply reads "bed". Similarly the verb "be" is not present in the Greek but added to give flow to the sentence. 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