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G.V. Wigram

George Vicesimus Wigram was an English biblical scholar and theologian. As a young man George Wigram obtained a commission in the army. One of his postings was to Brussels. He spent one evening exploring the Waterloo battlefield and it was here he had a religious experience that changed his life. This led to him resigning his army commission and in 1826 he entered Queens College, Oxford with the intention of becoming an Anglican clergyman.

At Oxford he met John Nelson Darby and Benjamin Wills Newton. Dissatisfied with the established church, Wigram and his friends left the Anglican church and helped establish non-denominational assemblies which became known as the Plymouth Brethren.

Wigram had a keen interest in the original Hebrew and Greek texts of the Bible, which was of great interest to the emerging Brethren assemblies. In 1839, after years of work and financial investment, he published The Englishman's Greek and English Concordance to the New Testament, followed in 1843 by The Englishman's Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance to the Old Testament.

With Wigram's help, Darby became the most influential personality within the Brethren movement. Wigram is often referred to as being Darby's lieutenant as he firmly supported Darby during moments of crisis. He also helped Darby fend off accusations of heresy, also in regards to the sufferings of Christ, in articles written in 1858 and 1866, which some considered were very similar to Newton's errors two decades earlier.

      George Vicesimus Wigram was converted whilst a subaltern officer in the army, and in 1826 entered at Queen's College, Oxford, with the view of taking orders. As an undergraduate he came into contact with Mr. Jarratt of the same college, and with Messrs. James L. Harris and Benjamin Wills Newton, both of Exeter College, who were all destined to take part in the ecclesiastical movement with which Wigram's name is also prominently connected. This connection was strengthened from about the year 1830, when these friends, all Devonians, were associated in the formation of a company of Christians at Plymouth, who separated from the organised churches, and were gathered to the Name alone of Jesus, in view of bearing a testimony to the unity of the church, and to its direction by the Holy Spirit alone, whilst awaiting the second coming of the Lord.

      Wigram was active in the initiation of a like testimony in London, where by the year 1838 a considerable number of gatherings were formed on the model of that at Plymouth.

      In 1856 he produced a new hymn book, "Hymns for the Poor of the Flock," which for some twenty-five years remained the staple of praise in the meetings with which he was associated. Ten years after the first appearance of the hymn book edited by him he stood by J. N. Darby once again at a critical juncture, when the question of the doctrine maintained by the latter on the sufferings of Christ some further dissension occurred, though the teaching was vindicated. During the rest of his life he paid visits to the West Indies, New Zealand, etc., where his ministry seems to have been much appreciated. He passed away in 1879.

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G.V. Wigram

Watching and Praying

Heresy is not departing from the figure of truth, but from the Spirit of truth, and it is the spirit of the heretic we are called upon to judge as a work of the flesh more than the fruit in the form of doctrine. The Scriptures are given to us by God as "a complete depository adn standard of truth;" ... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Cry From Bochim

Introduction. Confession and humiliation suit, and in a peculiar way, become the children of God in the present day. Neither the glory of God, nor the honour of Christ, nor the presence of the Holy Ghost, has been faithfully cared for by us; and, the church -- where is it? and what is its condition ... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Few Words on the Scriptures

The Scriptures are the means by which God speaks to our consciences. They speak judgment on all around. The knowledge of them brings us into new things, into a new place. They give us the mind of God; our God providing the fulness of His own mind to detect the evil that is around us. They lead the s... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Fragment on John 12-14

John 12, 13, 14 are remarkably connected together, as bringing out the work of Christ in the eternal redemption of a people to be sons and daughters of the Lord Almighty. The Jews had tried to put Lazarus to death, not liking to have such a witness of the presence among them of One who could raise t... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Gospel Address

2 Cor. 4, 5. I have read these chapters together because they present the gospel in the way in which Paul learnt all the leading points of it. There was a certain man very remarkable for his self-righteousness -- Saul of Tarsus. He thought he could put forth his power mightily to vindicate God's cau... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Letter -- 1846

London, March 8th, 1846. My Dear Brethren, I have read a paper professing to be a reply to my letter of the 9th ultimo. Its contents may be divided into three parts: 1st. Statements as to certain facts; [which I only refer to, as the writer says. "silence gives consent." I could not subscribe to the... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Letter on Conscience

My Dear -, What is commonly called a vow (that is, pledging yourself without or with penalties if it is broken) is, in itself, the fruit of self-confidence and energy in the flesh -- two things which mark fallen men, and which God abhors. Conscience is a natural thing, and came in with the fall in E... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Marriage Address

Gen. 2: 18-24; Eph. 5: 22-33. An immense sphere, if one looks at the scene laid there in the garden, and, on the other hand, that scene in which the last Adam, life-giving Spirit, will present to Himself a glorious Church without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing. It surely is part of the special g... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Study of the Psalms: Part 1

INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. It has pleased the Most High to reveal Himself to us (in that which men call the New Testament), under the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost (Matt. 28: 19). In this we learn redemption eternal and for Heaven. Of old, in the Creation of the world, He had ... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Study of the Psalms: Part 2

I print the Psalms as poetry; they are so in Hebrew. G.V.W. [Publisher's note: In Present Testimony the Psalms are rendered in full as the Authorised Version, here only the notes are reproduced.] First Book (Pss. 1 - 51) "The faithful are looked at as not yet driven out from Jerusalem; hence covenan... Read More
G.V. Wigram

A Word on the Fellowship of Saints

A Word on the Fellowship of Saints to any who are puzzled about the English Bethesda Question. There is a Man, a glorified Man, sitting now on the throne of God in heaven -- the Man that is Jehovah's Fellow. To Him, God, the Holy Spirit, has borne testimony in the Scriptures; to Him He calls the sin... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Account of Two Scenes which the world saw the unity of the church; and so could believe that the Father sent the Son. Acts 2: 41-47; and Acts 4: 31-35. FIRST SCENE. "Then they that gladly received His word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. And they continued stea... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: Introduction

Revelation 1. Rev. 1: 1. The "revelation" (unveiling, uncovering, manifestation, as in Romans 8, "manifestation of the sons of God") "of Jesus Christ" (in this book to show the way in which He meets all God's desires in the midst of the wreck and ruin of the Church) which God gave unto Him, to show ... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 1: Ephesus

REVELATION 2: 1-7. *This lecture, as well as one or two others, is very imperfectly reported. But though fragmentary, they have their special value, and are given to complete the series. -- ED. CHRIST sympathizes with God as well as with us; therefore He judges us according to the blessing He has be... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 2: Smyrna

REVELATION 2: 8-11. THE peculiarity of the Church of Smyrna is that it preserved its character before God. There is something very blessed in the state indicated. The end signifies that they would be able to go through death for Christ's sake; and therefore the promise is that they should not be "hu... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 3: Pergamos

REVELATION 2: 12-17. As before observed, we find a remarkable harmony between the character in which Christ comes to address these churches, and the promises given to them. In the epistles of Paul we notice, that when the state of the Church is low the higher subjects cannot be introduced to them, a... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 4: Thyatira

REVELATION 2: 18-29. THE three first addresses end with promise. The four last with exhortations. This is doubtless significant. The three first churches have the cheering word last, and the four last have the cheering word first, and the warning afterwards. In verse 18, we have the Lord coming to T... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 5: Sardis

REVELATION 3: 1-6. THE titles under which the Lord presents Himself to this Church, in the first verse, are these: "He that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars." We find the Spirit of God spoken of in other places as the eyes of the Lord that run to and fro throughout the earth. These... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 6: Philadelphia Lecture 1

REVELATION 3: 7-12. THE titles under which the Lord presents Himself to this Church are these: "He that is holy, He that is true, He that hath the key of David, He that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth." There is something very remarkable in the address to Philadelphia.... Read More
G.V. Wigram

Addresses on the Seven Churches: 7: Philadelphia Lecture 2

REVELATION 3: 7-12. Rev. 3: 8: "I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut, it." There is often great enlargement gained in the sense, through the change of a word - none rather than "no man." In the conflict of things here, even supposing we had to lay down our lives, no one, not even... Read More

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