Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:1-5

Here is, I. The great strait that David was in, which we may suppose he himself was aware of, though we read not of his asking advice from God, nor of any project of his own to get clear of it. The two armies of the Philistines and the Israelites were encamped and ready to engage, 1 Sam. 29:1. Achish, who had been kind to David, had obliged him to come himself and bring the forces he had into his service. David came accordingly, and, upon a review of the army, was found with Achish, in the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:4

And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him ,.... With Achish, for giving such a character of David, and taking his part, in order to detain him, if possible: and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, make this fellow return ; they speak of him with contempt, and insist on it that Achish order him to turn back, and go no further with them: that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him ; to Ziklag, the place that Achish had given him for his... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Samuel 29:4

The princes of the Philistines were wroth - It is strange that they had not yet heard of David's destruction of a village of the Geshurites, Gezrites, and Amalekites, 1 Samuel 27:8 , 1 Samuel 27:9 . Had they heard of this, they would have seen much more cause for suspicion. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:1-5

The counteractions of Providence. The facts are— 1 . The Philistines make preparations for battle, and David and his men form the rear. 2 . On the princes complaining of the presence of the Hebrews, Achish pleads the faithfulness of David. 3 . The princes insist on the dismissal of David and his men to a safe quarter, being suspicious that he might in battle turn against them. The conduct of David, as recorded in 1 Samuel 27:1-12 ; now began to be embarrassing both to himself... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:1-11

Achish. David had, in the course of his life, friendly relations with several heathen princes. One of these was Achish (elsewhere called Abimelech, Psalms 34:1-22 ; inscription), son of Maoch, and king of Gath, one of the five royal cities, the seats of the princes of the Philistine confederacy. What is recorded of him shows that he was a remarkable man. Whilst Saul persecuted David, Achish protected him; and whilst the former, in the midst of Israel, "with the law" of Moses, committed... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:4-6

Angrily rejecting the testimony of Achish in David's favour, they say, Make this fellow (Hebrew, "the man") return, that he may go again to his place, i.e. to Ziklag. He shall not go down with us to battle. Though the Philistines marched up into the Israelite territory, yet they speak naturally of going down into battle, because while armies usually encamped on opposite ranges of hills, they descended into the plain between for the encounter. An adversary. Hebrew, "a satan,"... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 1 Samuel 29:4

1 Samuel 29:4. Make this fellow return to his place To Ziklag, which they were content he should possess. For wherewith should he reconcile, &c. Should it not be with the heads of these men? That is, of the Philistines. They reasoned wisely, according to the common maxims of prudence and true policy; for by such a course great enemies have sometimes been reconciled together. But the Divine Providence was no doubt concerned in suggesting these prudential considerations to their... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 29:1-11

Another Philistine-Israelite war (28:1-29:11)When the Philistines set out to attack Israel, Achish made David and his troops his personal bodyguard (28:1-2). Back in Israel, Saul was terrified. He asked God what he should do, but God refused to show him (3-6). So he went to a woman who consulted the spirits of the dead, hoping that through her he could get directions from Samuel (7-14).Samuel spoke to Saul from the world of the dead, but he gave him neither comfort nor help. He merely confirmed... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 1 Samuel 29:4

fellow. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 . should . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 . read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - 1 Samuel 29:4

1 Samuel 29:4. Make this fellow return— The lords of the Philistines were suspicious of David's purposes; and, instead of placing that confidence in him which Achish did, they insist upon his dismission. His pleasure must certainly have been great, to find himself extricated out of so delicate a situation as he had been in, where there might have been a struggle between his gratitude to his friend, and his love to his country; and in which he did not possibly know what part he had to act, or... read more

Group of Brands