Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Amos 1:3-15

What the Lord says here may be explained by what he says Jer. 12:14; Thus said the Lord, against all my evil neighbours that touch the inheritance of my people Israel, Behold, I will pluck them out. Damascus was a near neighbour to Israel on the north, Tyre and Gaza on the west, Edom on the south, Ammon and (in the next chapter) Moab on the east; and all of them had been, one time, one way, or other, pricking briers and grieving thorns to Israel, evil neighbours to them; and, because God... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Amos 1:12

But I will send a fire upon Teman ,.... A principal city of Edom or Idumea, so called from Teman a grandson of Esau, Genesis 36:11 . Jerom F24 De locis Hebr. fol. 95. B. says there was in his time a village called Theman, five miles distant from the city Petra, and had a Roman garrison; and so says Eusebius F25 Onomast. ad vocem θαιμαν . ; who places it in Arabia Petraea; it is put for the whole country; it signifies the south. So the Targum renders it, "a fire in the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Amos 1:12

Verse 12 He says in the last place, I will send fire on Teman, to consume the palaces of Bozrah By fire he ever means any kind of destruction. But he compares God’s vengeance to a burning fire. We know that when fire has once taken hold, not only on a house, but on a whole city, there is no remedy. So now the Prophet says, that God’s vengeance would be dreadful, that it would consume whatever hatred there was among them:I will then send fire on Teman; which, as it is well known, was the first... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Amos 1:11-12

The woe against Edom. We have here an inspired description of an ideal hate. It is loaded with every quality, and emphasized by every circumstance, and stained by every act, which could conspire to establish for it an "unbeaten record" in the emulation of evil passions. I. IT RESTS ON A BROTHER . Over and above the brotherhood arising out of their common humanity ( Acts 17:26 ; Genesis 9:5 ), Israel and Edom were bound by the nearer tie of descent from the twin sons of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Amos 1:11-12

A brother's faithlessness and injustice. If Tyre was doubly blamable because, being an ally, she turned against Israel, much more deserving of censure was Edom, inasmuch as Edom was near akin to Israel, and yet was guilty of the Conduct described in this passage. I. KINDRED INVOLVES SACRED OBLIGATIONS TO MUTUAL REGARD AND SUCCOUR . Moses had addressed Edom as a brother, and Israel had forborne to attack Edom, even when tempted to do so by most unneighbourly,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Amos 1:12

Teman is the region of Idumaea, of which Bozrah is the capital. Both Jerome and Eusebius ('Onomast.') speak of a city so called not far from Petra; but in the Old Testament the name is applied to a district; and as the word in Hebrew means "south," it is probably the southern portion of the land of Edom. Bozrah ( hod . Busaireh ) was the old capital of Edom, situated on a hill south of the Dead Sea (see Genesis 36:33 ; Isaiah 34:6 ). Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 49:17 ) predicts the... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Amos 1:12

But - (And I, in My turn and as a consequence of these sins) will send a fire upon Teman “Teman,” say Eusebius and Jerome , “was a country of the princes of Edom, which had its name from Teman son of Eliphaz, son of Esau Genesis 36:11, Genesis 36:15. But even to this day there is a village, called Teman, about 5 (Eusebius says 15) miles from Petra, where there is also a Roman garrison, from which place was Eliphaz, king of the Themanites.” It is, however, probably the district which is meant,... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Amos 1:11-12

Amos 1:11-12. For three transgressions of Edom, &c. The Edomites, or Idumeans, are often threatened for their enmity against the Israelites, because they took all occasions to oppress and insult over them in their distress. Because he did pursue his brother with the sword The Edomites retained the same hatred and animosity against their brethren, the Israelites, which their father Esau had expressed against his brother Jacob. But I will send a fire upon Teman, &c. Teman and... read more

Group of Brands