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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Daniel 7:1-8

The date of this chapter places it before Dan. 5:1-31, which was in the last year of Belshazzar, and Dan. 6:1-28, which was in the first of Darius; for Daniel had those visions in the first year of Belshazzar, when the captivity of the Jews in Babylon was drawing near a period. Belshazzar's name here is, in the original, spelt differently from what it used to be; before it was Bel-she-azar?Bel is he that treasures up riches. But this is Bel-eshe-zar?Bel is on fire by the enemy. Bel was the god... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Daniel 7:4

The first was like a lion ,.... That which rose up first, the kingdom of the Babylonians, as the Syriac version expresses it; or the Assyrian monarchy, founded by Nimrod, increased by the Assyrians, and brought to its height under Nebuchadnezzar by the Babylonians and Chaldeans; this is said to be like a "lion" for its strength and power, for its greatness, dignity, and majesty; the same with the head of gold in Nebuchadnezzar's dream; see Jeremiah 4:7 , and had eagles' wings ;... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Daniel 7:4

The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings - Bp. Newton well remarks, that these great beasts, as explained by the angel, Daniel 7:17 , are kingdoms. They arise out of a stormy and tempestuous sea; that is, out of the wars and commotions of the world; and they are called great in comparison of other states and kingdoms, and are denominated beasts for their tyrannical and cruel oppression. These four beasts are indeed monstrous productions; a lion with eagle's wings; a bear with... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Daniel 7:4

Verse 4 It is clear that the four monarchies are here depicted. But it is not agreed upon among all writers which monarchy is the last, and which the third. With regard to the first, all agree in understanding’ the vision of the Chaldean Empire, which was joined with the Assyrian, as we saw before. For Nineveh was absorbed by the Chaldeans and Babylonians; but the Prophet discourses at length of the Assyrian and Chaldean Empire, which was then flourishing. No one, however, would have thought it... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Daniel 7:1-8

A vision of human violence. Dreams have a foundation in external fact. The mind of man has a creative faculty—a faint reflection of the Divine—and, when released from the domination of visible things, it asserts its original power. Daniel was advanced in years, had seen many changes in the government of Babylon, and probably had been brooding seriously over the fortunes and prospects of the Hebrews. The past and the future were inextricably interlaced. I. NIGHT HAS ITS USES , ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Daniel 7:1-12

Godless kingdoms. Daniel's vision brings before us the origin, the character, and the destiny of godless kingdoms. I. ORIGIN . 1 . Earthly. The Divine kingdom comes from above —"with the clouds of heaven" (verse 13). These kingdoms come from below —from the dark depths of the sea. Earthly passions, not the will of God, shape their origin. 2 . Tumultuous. "The four winds of heaven strove upon the great sea;" the kingdoms issued from the throes of the storm. The great... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Daniel 7:1-12

Brute rule. "Four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another" ( Daniel 7:3 ). We remark the transition here from history to prophecy; the date , the first year of Belshazzar, that is, before the fall of the first of the world-powers about to be described; the form , a dream,—before this Daniel had interpreted others' dreams, he now dreams himself; the fact that it was at once committed to writing , i.e. not set down after fulfilment; and that the prophecy is... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Daniel 7:1-28

EXPOSITION THE VISION OF THE FOUR BEASTS . This chapter begins the second section of the book. All before this has been narrative; visions are introduced into the narrative, but they were not given to Daniel himself, but to others; his role was the secondary one of interpreter. These visions and the events connected with them are related more as incidents in the biography of Daniel, than as revelations of the future. With this chapter begins a series of revelations to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Daniel 7:4

The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wing. thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it. The LXX . and Theodotion render "lioness," but otherwise agree with the Massoretic text. The Peshitta does not differ from the received text. The word אריה is epicene. It is, however, to be noted that in later Aramaic the terminal letter was , א not . ה The word gappeen , ... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Daniel 7:4

The first was like a lion - It is to be assumed, in explaining and applying these symbols, that they are significant - that is, that there was some adaptedness or propriety in using these symbols to denote the kingdoms referred to; or that in each case there was a reason why the particular animal was selected for a symbol rather than one of the others; that is, there was something in the lion that was better fitted to symbolize the kingdom referred to than there was in the bear or the leopard,... read more

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