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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 4:13

His covenant ; God's gracious engagement with Israel for their good, and by which they were bound to observe all his commandments. God declared this at Sinai when he uttered the ten commandments (words, דְבָרִים ), "the words of the covenant, the ten words" ( Exodus 34:28 ), which he afterwards gave to Moses on two tables of stone, written with the finger of God ( Exodus 24:12 ; Exodus 31:18 ). Besides these, there were other statutes and ordinances which Moses was commanded to... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Deuteronomy 4:1-43

Warning to be obedient (4:1-43)The reason Moses outlined Israel’s history was to show on the one hand that God’s promises did not fail, and on the other that his judgment on disobedience was certain. In view of this, the people were to keep all God’s laws and commandments without altering them to suit themselves. If they modelled their national life in Canaan on these laws, they would benefit themselves and be an example to others (4:1-8).In order that Israel might not forget his laws, God had... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Deuteronomy 4:13

even ten. Hebrew the ten. wrote. See note on Exodus 17:14 ; only here and Deuteronomy 10:4 in Deut. See also App-47 . read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Deuteronomy 4:1-40

B. An exhortation to observe the law faithfully 4:1-40Moses turned in his address from contemplating the past to an exhortation for the future. This section is the climax of his first speech."The parallel between the literary structure of this chapter and that of the Near Eastern treaty is noteworthy. The author of the treaty is named (1, 2, 5, 10), reference is made to the preceding historical acts, the treaty stipulations are mentioned, the appeal is made for Israel to obey, the treaty... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Deuteronomy 4:6-40

II. MOSES’ FIRST MAJOR ADDRESS: A REVIEW OF GOD’S FAITHFULNESS 1:6-4:40". . . an explicit literary structure to the book is expressed in the sermons or speeches of Moses; a substructure is discernible in the covenantal character of the book; and a theological structure is revealed in its theme of the exclusive worship of the Lord as found in the Ten Commandments, particularly in the First Commandment and its positive expression in the Shema (Deuteronomy 6:4-5)." [Note: Patrick D. Miller,... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Deuteronomy 4:9-14

2. God’s appearance at Mt. Horeb 4:9-14"The abstract nature of God in the Israelite religion, and the absence of any physical representation of him, imposed great difficulties for a people living in a world where all other men represented their gods in visual, physical form. To counter this difficulty would require great care and so Moses urged such care, lest you forget the things your eyes have seen [Deuteronomy 4:9]. They had never literally seen their God, but they had seen what God had... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Deuteronomy 4:1-43

First Discourse (Deu 1:14 to Deu 4:43)The long sojourn in the wilderness is now drawing to a close. The Israelites are encamped in the Plains of Moab within sight of the Promised Land. Moses, feeling that his death is approaching, delivers his final charges to the people. In the first, he reviews briefly the history of Israel from Mt. Sinai to the Jordan, dwelling on the goodness of God, and making it the basis of an earnest appeal to the people to remember all that He has done for them, and to... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Deuteronomy 4:1-49

Exhortations To ObedienceThis chapter contains the practical part of the discourse. Having briefly rehearsed the experiences of the Israelites in the wilderness up to the present point, Moses closes with an eloquent appeal not to forget what they had seen and learned, but to keep the commandments of the Lord. The argument is quite evangelical. Jehovah of His own free grace has chosen and redeemed this people, they ought, therefore, to love and serve Him alone: cp. Joshua’s exhortation in Joshua... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Deuteronomy 4:13

(13) His covenant . . . ten commandments.—See on Deuteronomy 5:0.He wrote them.—See on Deuteronomy 10:2. read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Deuteronomy 4:1-49

Remembering the Past (for the Last Sunday of the Year) Deuteronomy 4:9 I. How far ought we to Remember the Past, and how far ought we to Forget it? It may indeed be said that remembrance and forgetfulness are largely independent of our control. We are naturally endowed with strong or with weak memories, and ardent or placid temperaments, and our fortunes in life are only to a small extent within our own determination. Whether we shall pass through experiences which cut deeply into the mind,... read more

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