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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 19:1-8

Here is, I. The date of that great charter by which Israel was incorporated. 1. The time when it bears date (Exod. 19:1)--in the third month after they came out of Egypt. It is computed that the law was given just fifty days after their coming out of Egypt, in remembrance of which the feast of Pentecost was observed the fiftieth day after the passover, and in compliance with which the Spirit was poured out upon the apostles at the feast of pentecost, fifty days after the death of Christ. In... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 19:6

And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests ,.... Instead of being in a state of servitude and bondage, as they had been in Egypt, they should be erected into a kingdom, become a body politic, a free state, a commonwealth governed by its own laws, and those laws of God's making; yea, they should be a kingdom to him, and he be more immediately the king of them, as he was not of others, the government of Israel being a Theocracy; and this kingdom should consist of men that were priests, who... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 19:6

And a holy nation - They should be a nation, one people; firmly united among themselves, living under their own laws; and powerful, because united, and acting under the direction and blessing of God. They should be a holy nation, saved from their sins, righteous in their conduct, holy in their hearts; every external rite being not only a significant ceremony, but also a means of conveying light and life, grace and peace, to every person who conscientiously used it. Thus they should be both a... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 19:6

Verse 6 6.And ye shall be unto me. He points out more clearly, and more at length, how the Israelites will be precious unto God; viz., because they will be for “a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.” By these words, he implies that they will be endowed with sacerdotal as well as royal honors; as much as to say, that they would not only be free, but also like kings, if they persevered in faith and obedience, since no kingdom is more desirable, or more happy, than to be the subjects of God.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:1-6

The Lord and his people. I. WHO THE PEOPLE OF GOD ARE . 1 . The children of the promise, "the house of Jacob," etc; the household of faith. 2 . They who have experienced deliverance and known God's love: "Ye have seen what I did," etc. The law the picture of the Gospel: those only can enter into the covenant of obedience who have known that God has chosen and blessed them. "We love him because he first loved us." II. WHAT THE LORD ASKS OF THEM . 1... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:1-15

Covenant before law. "Now, therefore, if ye will obey," etc.— Exodus 19:5 , Exodus 19:6 . This subject might well be introduced by:— 1 . Showing how exactly the topography of Sinai (i.e; the plain of Er Rahah, Ras Sufsafeh, and Jebel Musa) agrees with the sacred history. [For material of description see "The Desert of the Exodus."] 2 . How suitable mountains were to constitute the scenery of Divine manifestation. 3 . An analysis of this section— In this preparation for... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:3-6

God's first message to the people at Sinai. The cloud going on before the people from Rephidim, brings them at last to what by pre-eminence is called the mount. The mount, not because it was higher, but because there the burning bush appeared, and there the people were to serve God. Moses goes up to the mount, probably to the very spot where a while ago he had seen the burning bush and received his great commission to Pharaoh. From this scene he had been travelling in a circle, and had... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:3-10

The covenant proposed. A characteristic difference is to be observed between the covenant made at Sinai and that formerly established with Abraham. In both, there is a wonderful act of Divine condescension. In both, God as well as man comes under engagements, ratified by outward formalities. But there is a difference in the design. In Abraham's case, the covenant was obviously intended as an aid to faith, an expedient for strengthening confidence in the Divine word. It is God who, in... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:5-6

God's promises to such as keep his covenant. Three things are here specially worthy of consideration:— 1 . The nature of the promises; 2 . The grounds on which they may be believed and trusted; and 3 . The conditions attached to them. I. THE NATURE OF THE PROMISES . God's promises to Israel are threefold—they shall be kings; they shall be priests; they shall be his peculiar treasure.— (a) Kings . Most men are slaves—servants of Satan, servants of sin,... read more

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