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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

We have here, I. The settlement of the kingdom of nature, in God's resting from the work of creation, Gen. 2:1, 2. Here observe, 1. The creatures made both in heaven and earth are the hosts or armies of them, which denotes them to be numerous, but marshalled, disciplined, and under command. How great is the sum of them! And yet every one knows and keeps his place. God uses them as his hosts for the defence of his people and the destruction of his enemies; for he is the Lord of hosts, of all... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 2:3

And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it ,.... A day in which he took delight and pleasure, having finished all his works, and resting from them, and looking over them as very good; and so he pronounced this day a good and happy day, and "sanctified" or appointed it in his mind to be a day separated from others, for holy service and worship; as it was with the Jews when they became a body of people, both civil and ecclesiastical: or this is all said by way of prolepsis or... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 2:3

And God blessed the seventh day - The original word ברך barach , which is generally rendered to bless, has a very extensive meaning. It is frequently used in Scripture in the sense of speaking good of or to a person; and hence literally and properly rendered by the Septuagint ευλογησεν , from ευ , good or well, and λεγω , I speak. So God has spoken well of the Sabbath, and good to them who conscientiously observe it. Blessing is applied both to God and man: when God is said to... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 2:3

Verse 3 3.And God blessed the seventh day It appears that God is here said to bless according to the manner of men, because they bless him whom they highly extol. Nevertheless, even in this sense, it would not be unsuitable to the character of God; because his blessing sometimes means the favor which he bestows upon his people, as the Hebrews call that man the blessed of God, who, by a certain special favor, has power with God. (See Genesis 24:31.) Enter thou blessed of God. Thus we may be... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

Rest and Light. The finished heavens and earth and their host prepare the day of rest. God ended his work as an interchange of darkness and light. I. THE REST OF THE SABBATH IS NOT INACTION , BUT THE CESSATION FROM THE LOWER ORDER OF WORK FOE THE HIGHER . The idea of the first proclamation seems to be that creation was perfectly adjusted through the six days into a settled harmony which puts heaven and earth in their abiding relation to one another. II. Then ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 2:3

And God blessed the seventh day . The blessing (cf. Genesis 1:22 , Genesis 1:28 ) of the seventh day implied— 1. That it was thereby declared to be the special object of the Divine favor. 2. That it was thenceforth to be a day or epoch of blessing for his creation. And— 3. That it was to be invested with a permanence which did not belong to the other six days—every one of which passed away and gave place to a successor. And sanctified it . Literally, declared it holy, or... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 2:3

The two sabbaths: the Divine and the human. I. THE SABBATH OF GOD . A period of— 1. Cessation from toil , or discontinuance of those world-making operations which had occupied the six preceding days ( Hebrews 4:4 ). Never since the close of the creative week has God interfered to fundamentally rearrange the material structure of the globe. The Deluge produced no alteration on the constitution of nature. Nor is there evidence that any new species have been added to its... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 2:1-3

- The Seventh Day1. צבא tsābā' “a host in marching order,” a company of persons or things in the order of their nature and the progressive discharge of their functions. Hence, it is applied to the starry host Deuteronomy 4:19, to the angelic host 1 Kings 22:19, to the host of Israel Exodus 12:41, and to the ministering Levites Numbers 4:23. κόσμος kosmos.2. חשׁביעי chashebı̂y‛ı̂y. Here השׁשׁי hashshı̂y is read by the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Septuagint, the Syriac, and Josephus. The... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 2:3

Genesis 2:3. God blessed the seventh day He conferred on it peculiar honour, and annexed to it special privileges above those granted to any other day; and sanctified it That is, separated it from common use, and dedicated it to his own sacred service, that it should be accounted holy, and spent in his worship, and in other religious and holy duties. It appears evidently by this, that the observation of the sabbath was not first enjoined when the law was given, but that it was an... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 2:1-3

THE STORY OF CREATIONThe Bible and scienceModern science has revealed so much about the wonders and the size of the physical universe that human beings may seem almost to be nothing. The Bible takes a different view. Human beings are its main concern, for they alone are made in God’s image. The story of creation is but an introduction to the story of God’s dealings with the human race. The Bible demonstrates this order of importance from the outset by fitting the story of creation into a mere... read more

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