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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 3:14-15

I. The sentence passed upon the tempter may be considered as lighting upon the serpent, the brute-creature which Satan made use of which was, as the rest, made for the service of man, but was now abused to his hurt. Therefore, to testify a displeasure against sin, and a jealousy for the injured honour of Adam and Eve, God fastens a curse and reproach upon the serpent, and makes it to groan, being burdened. See Rom. 8:20. The devil's instruments must share in the devil's punishments. Thus the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 3:14

And the Lord God said unto the serpent ,.... And to the devil in it; for what follows may be applied to both; literally to the serpent, and mystically to Satan; both are punished, and that very justly, the serpent in being the instrument Satan made use of, and is cursed for his sake, as the earth for man's; and the punishing the instrument as well as the principal, the more discovers God's detestation of the act for which they are punished, as appears in other instances, Exodus 21:28 . Nor... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:14

And the Lord God said unto the serpent - The tempter is not asked why he deceived the woman; he cannot roll the blame on any other; self-tempted he fell, and it is natural for him, such is his enmity, to deceive and destroy all he can. His fault admits of no excuse, and therefore God begins to pronounce sentence on him first. And here we must consider a twofold sentence, one on Satan and the other on the agent he employed. The nachash , whom I suppose to have been at the head of all the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 3:14

Verse 14 14.And the Lord God said unto the serpent. He does not interrogate the serpent as he had done the man and the woman; because, in the animal itself there was no sense of sin, and because, to the devil he would hold out no hope of pardon. He might truly, by his own authority, have pronounced sentence against Adam and Eve, though unheard. Why then does he call them to undergo examination, except that he has a care for their salvation? This doctrine is to be applied to our benefit. There... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:8-19

The first judgment scene. I. THE FLIGHT Or THE CRIMINALS . 1. It is the instinct of sinful men to flee from God . "Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God" ( Genesis 3:8 ). So "Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the Lord" ( Jonah 1:3 ). 2. It is God ' s habit to pursue transgressors . As he pursued Adam and Eve in the garden by his voice (verse 9), and Jonah on the deep by a wind ( Jonah 1:4 ), and David by his... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:9-24

The word of God in the moral chaos. These verses bring before us very distinctly the elements of man's sinful state, and of the redemptive dispensation of God which came out of it by the action of his brooding Spirit of life upon the chaos. I. THE WORD OF GOD ADDRESSED TO THE PERSONAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW WORLD . "The Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? " Before that direct intercourse between the Spirit of God and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:14

Confession having thus been made by both delinquents, and the arch-contriver of the whole mischief discovered, the Divine Judge proceeds to deliver sentence. And the Lord God said unto the serpent . Which he does not interrogate as he did the man and woman, "because 1. The serpent only (Kalisch). 2. The devil only (Macdonald). 3. Partly on the serpent and partly on Satan (Calvin). 4. Wholly upon both (Murphy, Bush, Candlish). The difficulties attending these different... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 3:14-15

The doom of Satan and the hope of man. I. THE DOOM OF DEGRADATION ( Genesis 3:14 ). II. THE DOOM OF HOSTILITY ( Genesis 3:15 ). Three stages:— 1. The enmity. 2. The conflict. 3. The victory. Lessons : — 1. See the wondrous mercy of God in proclaiming from the first day of sin, and putting into the forefront, a purpose of salvation. 2. Have we recognized it to the overcoming of the devil?— W . read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 3:8-21

- XVI. The Judgment15. שׁוּף shûp “bruise, wound.” τηρεῖν (=τερεῖν?) tērein ἐκτρίβειν ektribein Job 9:17, καταπατεῖν katapatein Psalms 139:11, συντρίβειν suntribein Romans 16:20.16. תשׁוּקה teshûqâh “desire, inclination.” αποστροφή apostrofee, ἐπιστροφή epistrophē Song of Solomon 7:11.20. חוּה chavâh Eve, “the living, life, life-place, or village.”This passage contains the examination of the transgressors, Genesis 3:8-13; the sentence pronounced upon each, Genesis 3:14-19; and... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 3:14

Genesis 3:14. God said unto the serpent In passing sentence, God begins where the sin began, with the serpent, which, although only an irrational creature, and therefore not subject to a law, nor capable of sin and guilt, yet, being the instrument of the devil’s wiles and malice, is punished as other beasts have been when abused by the sin of man, and this partly for the punishment, and partly for the instruction of man, their lord and governor. Upon thy belly shalt thou go And “no longer... read more

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