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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 1:1-3

Here the apostle begins with a general declaration of the excellency of the gospel dispensation above that of the law, which he demonstrates from the different way and manner of God's communicating himself and his mind and will to men in the one and in the other: both these dispensations were of God, and both of them very good, but there is a great difference in the way of their coming from God. Observe, I. The way wherein God communicated himself and his will to men under the Old Testament.... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 1:1-3

1:1-3 It was in many parts and in many ways that God spoke to our fathers in the prophets in time gone past; but in the end of these days he has spoken to us in One who is a Son, a Son whom he destined to enter into possession of all things, a Son by whose agency he made the universe. He was the very effulgence of God's glory; he was the exact expression of God's very essence. He bore everything onwards by the word of his power; and after he had made purification for the sins of men, he took... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 1:3

Who being the brightness of his glory ,.... Or "of glory"; of God the Father, the God of glory, and who is glory itself; so called on account of his glorious nature and perfections and because of the glorious manifestations of them in his works of creation and providence, and in the various dispensations of his grace, and especially in his Son; and because he is the author of all glory, in the creatures, in the whole world, in Christ as man and Mediator, and in his own people. Now Christ is... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 1:3

The brightness of his glory - Απαυγασμα της δοξης The resplendent outbeaming of the essential glory of God. Hesychius interprets απαυγασμα by ᾑλιου φεγγος , the splendor of the sun. The same form of expression is used by an apocryphal writer, Wis. 7:26, where, speaking of the uncreated wisdom of God, he says: "For she is the splendor of eternal light, απαυγασμα γαρ εστι φωτος αΐδιου , and the unsullied mirror of the energy of God, and the image of his goodness." The word αυγασμα ... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 1:3

Verse 3 3.Who being the brightness of his glory, etc. These things are said of Christ partly as to his divine essence, and partly as a partaker of our flesh. When he is calledthe brightness of his glory and the impress of his substance, his divinity is referred to; the other things appertain in a measure to his human nature. The whole, however, is stated in order to set forth the dignity of Christ. But it is for the same reason that the Son is said to be “the brightness of his glory”, and “the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:1-3

Christ as Prophet of the Church. This Epistle was written to those Jewish Christians who were in danger of relapsing from their profession of faith in Jesus and returning to the sacrifices and ceremonies of the Jewish Law. If we consider that they had been brought up in the acknowledgment of the Mosaic rites as being of Divine origin, with the power of early impressions; that it was a vast step from Moses to the simple and spiritual system of the gospel; that there were many forms of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:1-4

EXORDIUM intimating in a succession of choice and pregnant phrases, the drift of the Epistle; a condensed summary of the coming argument. It briefly anticipates the views to be set forth in the sequel, of the revelation of God in Christ excelling far, and being destined to supersede, all that had preceded it, as being the ultimate Divine manifestation in the SON , according to the full meaning of the term involved in ancient prophecy;—of the eternal Divinity of him who was thus... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:2-3

The transcendent glory of the Son of God. "His Son, whom he hath appointed Heir of all things," etc. The Divine Son, the last and brightest revelation of God to man, is here set before us as supremely glorious in several respects. I. IN THE VASTNESS OF HIS POSSESSIONS . "Whom he appointed heir of all things." Because he is the Son of God he is constituted Heir of all things. The whole universe is his. "He is Lord of all." "All things that the Father hath are mine; "All mine... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:2-3

The surpassing glory of Christ, who is the Substance of type Christian revelation. I. THIS PASSAGE SETS FORTH THE PERFECT DEITY OF CHRIST . If the doctrine of the Trinity is not here, it is at least implied that in the Godhead there are more Persons than one. "God hath spoken by his Son;" "God hath appointed him;" "Through him God made," etc. Then the Father and Son are distinct Persons. But, as clearly, they are one God, for there are statements here with reference to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:2-4

The glory of the God-Man. So soon as the apostle mentions the "Son," there spreads out before his mind a vast expanse of the territory of revelation—the loftiest shining table-land of truth which the Scriptures open to our gaze. Indeed, this sentence supplies a sublime basis for all true Christology. It describes at once the Redeemer's essential glory as the pre-existent One, and his mediatorial glory as the incarnate Messiah. I. THE GLORY OF CHRIST IN RELATION TO GOD .... read more

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