Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-14

The apostle, having proved the pre-eminence of the gospel above the law from the pre-eminence of the Lord Jesus Christ above the prophets, now proceeds to show that he is much superior not only to the prophets, but to the angels themselves. In this he obviates an objection that the Jewish zealots would be ready to make, that the law was not only delivered by men, but ordained by angels (Gal. 3:19), who attended at the giving forth of the law, the hosts of heaven being drawn forth to attend the... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 1:4-14

1:4-14 He was the superior to the angels, in proportion as he had received a more excellent rank than they. For to which of the angels did God ever say: "It is my Son that you are; it is I who this day have begotten you"? And again: "I will be to him a Father, and he will be to me a Son." And again, when he brings his honoured one into the world of men, he says: "And let all the angels of God bow down before him." As for the angels, he says: "He who makes his angels winds and his servants a... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 1:5

For unto which of the angels said he at any time ,.... That is, he never said to any of the angels what he has said to Christ; namely, what follows, thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee for though angels are called the sons of God, Job 1:6 yet are never said to be begotten by him; or, with this clause annexed to it, "this day have I begotten thee"; nor are they ever so called in a proper sense, or in such sense as Christ is: this is said to Christ, and of him, in Psalm 2:7 ... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 1:5

Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee - These words are quoted from Psalm 2:7 , a psalm that seems to refer only to the Messiah; and they are quoted by St. Paul, Acts 13:33 , as referring to the resurrection of Christ. And this application of them is confirmed by the same apostle, Romans 1:4 , as by his resurrection from the dead he was declared - manifestly proved, to be the Son of God with power; God having put forth his miraculous energy in raising that body from the grave... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 1:5

Verse 5 5. Thou art my Son, etc. It cannot be denied but that this was spoken of David, that is, as he sustained the person of Christ. Then the things found in this Psalm must have been shadowed forth in David, but were fully accomplished in Christ. For that he by subduing many enemies around him, enlarged the borders of his kingdom, it was some foreshadowing of the promise, “I will give thee the heathen for thine inheritance.” But how little was this in comparison with the amplitude of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-5

The exaltation of the Son of God above the angels of God. "Being made so much better than the angels," etc. The angels of God are great and exalted beings. Our Lord spake of them as "holy angels" ( Matthew 25:31 ). David said they "excel in strength" ( Psalms 103:20 ). St. Paul designates them "his mighty angels' ( 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ). Deeds involving stupendous power are ascribed to them ( Isaiah 37:36 ; Acts 12:7-11 ). They are said to be "full of eyes," to indicate their... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-9

Christ superior to the angels. As angels had an important ministry under the Law of Moses, it was desirable to show the. Christians who had been drawn from Judaism, and were disposed to return to it, the superiority of our Lord to them in their nature and office. I. THIS APPEARS IN THE GLORY OF HIS NAME , which is his by nature and inheritance. Angels are called "sons of God," and rejoiced as creation with its wonders rose before their view. Israel was named "Jehovah's... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-13

Christ exalted above the angels. I. CONSIDER THE ANGELIC DIGNITY . The word "angel" as employed here to be taken in a very wide sense, as "angel" primarily denotes office and service rather than nature. Jesus himself, looked at from a certain point of view, was an angel, a messenger, an evangelist. God can make a messenger, as we are reminded in this passage, from the winds and the flame of fire: e.g. the burning bush was a messenger to Moses. But doubtless there is also a... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-14

Christ greater than the angels. The Jews used to boast that their Law had been given at Sinai by the instrumentality of angels; and they concluded from this that the Mosaic dispensation would continue as long as the world itself. But the apostle asserts here that the Lord Jesus, the Mediator of the new covenant, is immeasurably greater than the angels; and he supports his assertion with abundant evidence from the Hebrew Scriptures. Hebrews 1:4 supplies us with the key to this whole... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 1:4-14

The greatness of the angels revealing the greatness of the Lord. Our ideas with regard to the angels are mostly vague, or poetic, or formal, never evoking holy thought or inspiring praise, or breathing on our soul an hour's calm, or strengthening us to strike a blow at sin. We think there is nothing practical about the doctrine of angels, and so we pass it by. We have Christ, we say; we do not need the angels; they who have the king overlook the courtiers. Yet a considerable portion of... read more

Group of Brands