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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 4:11-16

In this latter part of the chapter the apostle concludes, first, with a serious repeated exhortation, and then with proper and powerful motives. I. Here we have a serious exhortation: Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, Heb. 4:11. Observe, 1. The end proposed?rest spiritual and eternal, the rest of grace here and glory hereafter?in Christ on earth, with Christ in heaven. 2. The way to this end prescribed?labour, diligent labour; this is the only way to rest; those who will not... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 4:14-16

4:14-16 Since, then, we have a high priest, great in his nature, who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast to our creed. For we have not a high priest who is such that he cannot feel with us in our weaknesses; but one who has gone through every temptation, just in the same way as we have, and who is without sin. Let us then confidently approach his throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help as need demands. Here we are coming to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 4:15

For we have not an high priest ,.... That is cruel and unmerciful; the saints have an high priest, but not such an one: which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities ; such as bodily diseases and wants, persecutions from men, and the temptations of Satan; under all which Christ sympathizes with his people; and which sympathy of his arises from his knowledge and experience of these things, and the share he has had of them, and from that union there is between him and his... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 4:15

For we have not a high priest - To the objection, "Your High Priest, if entered into the heavens, can have no participation with you, and no sympathy for you, because out of the reach of human feelings and infirmities," he answers: Ου γαρ εχομεν Αρχιερεα μη δυναμενον συμπαθησαι ταις ασθενειαις ἡμων· We have not a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weakness. Though he be the Son of God, as to his human nature, and equal in his Divine nature with God; yet, having partaken of human... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 4:15

Verse 15 15.For we have not, etc. There is in the name which he mentions, the Son of God, such majesty as ought to constrain us to fear and obey him. But were we to contemplate nothing but this in Christ, our consciences would not be pacified; for who of us does not dread the sight of the Son of God, especially when we consider what our condition is, and when our sins come to mind? The Jews might have had also another hindrance, for they had been accustomed to the Levitical priesthood; they saw... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 4:12-16

The Word of God discovering, the great High Priest delivering from, the apostate's sin. This completes the argument in this section ( Hebrews 3:1-19 . and 4) on the sin of apostasy. Having brought his readers face to face with the awful peril of departure from the Son of God, we might suppose the writer had reached the limit of the subject. But not so; he goes on to say that this sin and doom may be true of some whose defection is hidden in the heart. But he cannot relinquish the subject... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 4:14-16

Christ's sympathy and help. This passage is one of the great signposts of the Epistle. In Hebrews 1:1-14 ., 2. the writer has discussed the superiority of Christ as a King to angels; and in Hebrews 3:1-19 ., 4. his superiority as a Prophet to Moses. He now proceeds to discourse more at length of his superiority as a Priest to Aaron. I. A TWOFOLD STATEMENT OF DOCTRINE . This double statement concerns the cardinal truth of the Savior's priesthood. 1. Its outer aspect. (... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 4:14-16

Steadfastness. I. THERE IS HERE ENCOURAGEMENT TO STEADFASTNESS FROM THE DIGNITY AND SPHERE OF OUR LORD 'S MINISTRY . He is called the great High Priest, who stands in exalted contrast to Aaron and all his successors in the important duty of representing the people before God and representing God to the people. This greatness will appear in the arguments and discussions which follow, in which the holiness of his life, the value of his sacrifice, and the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 4:15

For we have not an High Priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but one that hath been in all things tempted like as we are, without sin. The power of sympathy ( συμπαθήσαι ) of our great High Priest is not adduced to distinguish him from other high priests, but to express, in this respect, his resemblance to them; community of nature and feeling with those for whom he mediates being essential to the conception of a high priest (see Hebrews 4:2 ). The... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 4:15-16

The helpful nearness to man of the true High Priest. I. THE IMPLICATION WITH REGARD TO OTHER PRIESTS . Other priests are lacking in proper sympathy with human weakness. They are lacking in a sense of the almost omnipotence of tempting influence. They themselves, in all important respects, are no better than those for whom they act. Not that they are to blame for this; other things were not expected from them. They were only to be part of an instructive and impressive... read more

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