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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Isaiah 16:1-5

God has made it to appear that he delights not in the ruin of sinners by telling them what they may do to prevent the ruin; so he does here to Moab. I. He advises them to be just to the house of David, and to pay the tribute they had formerly covenanted to pay to the kings of his line (Isa. 16:1): Send you the lamb to the ruler of the land. David made the Moabites tributaries to him, 2 Sam. 8:2. They became his servants, and brought gifts. Afterwards they paid their tribute to the kings of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Isaiah 16:4

Let mine outcasts dwell with thee ,.... Not whom God had cast out, but who were the Lord's people, and whom he owns as such, though cast out by the enemy, or obliged to flee, and quit their country; let these be sojourners in thy land; let them continue awhile there; let them dwell privately and peaceably: Moab, be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler : that is, O king of Moab, or kingdom of Moab, as the Targum, hide and protect the Jews that shall flee to thee for shelter,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 16:4

Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab "Let the outcasts of Moab sojourn with thee, O Zion" - Setting the points aside, this is by much the most obvious construction of the Hebrew, as well as most agreeable to the context, and the design of the prophet. And it is confirmed by the Septuagint οἱ φυγαδες Μωαβ , and Syriac. The oppressors "The oppressor" - Perhaps the Israelites, who in the time of Ahab invaded Judah, defeated his army, slaying one hundred and twenty thousand men, and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 16:1-4

The wisdom of the weaker. The prophet counsels Moab to "make submission meet" to Judah ( Isaiah 16:1 ), and to show her such kindness in the day of her distress ( Isaiah 16:3 , Isaiah 16:4 ) as will be remembered in the day when prosperity and power will be again her portion. I. THE WISDOM OF THE WEAKER COMMUNITY . 1. Submission to the greater power under its lawful claim . "Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land"—pay the tribute which is due, and which... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 16:1-5

God's offer of mercy to the sinner. Scarcely ever does God punish sin by a sudden unannounced visitation, or without previous warning to the sinner of what is coming upon him. And this warning is almost always accompanied by an offer of mercy. God has " no pleasure in the death of him that dieth" ( Ezekiel 18:32 ); he " would not that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance" ( 2 Peter 3:9 ). And therefore he warns men. He warned even the ungodly world before the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 16:1-6

The King in Zion. "I have set my King upon my holy hill of Zion" ( Psalms 2:1-12 .). The destined Ruler of the world, he shall spread the wing of his mild government and protection over the nations in their harassment and despair, as now over Moab. 1. THE CALL TO THE FUGITIVES . They have fled into Edom, as far as to Petra, near Mount Hor. It was a region surrounded by rocky cliffs. Sela itself means rock or cliff. Between Petra—whose ruins the Arab guide of Seetzen said he... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 16:1-14

THE BURDEN OF MOAB ( CONTINUED ). This portion of the "burden" is divided into three sections. In section 1 (from Isaiah 16:1 to the end of Isaiah 16:5 ) an offer of mercy is made to Moab on certain conditions, viz. that she return to her allegiance to the house of David, and show kindness to fugitive Israelites. In section 2 ( Isaiah 16:6-12 ) she is supposed to have rejected this offer, and is threatened (as in Isaiah 15:1-9 .) with severe punishment. In section 3... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 16:4

Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab . The change of one accent will allow of this passage being translated, Let the outcasts of Moab dwell with thee ; and so it is rendered by the LXX ; the Syriac, by Lowth, Gesenius, Hitzig, Ewald, and Mr. Cheyne. Delitzsch and Dr. Kay agree with the Authorized Version. For the extortioner is at an end . This seems to be urged as a reason why the protection asked should be given: it will not be for long—the oppressor is about to receive... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 16:4

Let mine outcasts - This may be understood as the language of Judea, or of God. ‘Mine outcasts’ may mean the exiles of Judea, or God may call them “his.” The sense is essentially the same. It denotes those who were fugitives, wanderers, exiles from the land of Judea, and who took refuge in the land of Moab; and God claims for them protection.Dwell with thee - Not dwell permanently, but sojourn (יגוּרוּ yāgûrû), let them remain with you as exiles; or let them find a refuge in your land.Be... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Isaiah 16:3-4

Isaiah 16:3-4. Take counsel, &c. We have here the second counsel given to the Moabites, which “contains a complex of various offices, equity, justice, humanity, to be exercised toward those of the Israelites whom the Assyrian affliction had driven, or should drive, to their borders and cities, and who should seek refuge among them: which counsel is so given to the Moabites, by the prophet, as evidently to upbraid them for the fault of having neglected these offices; the pernicious... read more

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