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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Job 30:1-14

Here Job makes a very large and sad complaint of the great disgrace he had fallen into, from the height of honour and reputation, which was exceedingly grievous and cutting to such an ingenuous spirit as Job's was. Two things he insists upon as greatly aggravating his affliction:? I. The meanness of the persons that affronted him. As it added much to his honour, in the day of his prosperity, that princes and nobles showed him respect and paid a deference to him, so it added no less to his... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Job 30:8

They were children of fools ,.... Their parents were fools, or they themselves were such; foolish children, or foolish men, were they that derided Job; and their derision of him was a proof of it: the meaning is not that they were idiots, or quite destitute of reason and natural knowledge, but that they were men of slender capacities; they were "Nabal like", which is the word here used of them; and, indeed, it may easily be concluded, they could not have much knowledge of men and things,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Job 30:8

Children of fools - Children of nabal; children without a name; persons of no consideration, and descendants of such. Viler than the earth - Rather, driven out of the land; persons not fit for civil society. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:1-10

The fall from honour to contempt. I. MISFORTUNE BRINGS CONTEMPT , Job has just been reciting the honours of his happier days. With the loss of prosperity has come the loss of those honours. He who was slavishly flattered in wealth and success is cruelly scorned in the time of adversity. This is monstrously unjust, and Job feels it to be so. Nevertheless, it is only true to life. Men do judge by the outward appearance. Therefore any who experience in some proportion what Job experienced... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:1-15

Job's second parable: 2. A lamentation over fallen greatness. I. THE CHARACTER OF JOB 'S DERIDERS . 1 . Juniors in respect of age. (Verse 1.) These were not the young princes of the city ( Job 29:8 ), by whom he had formerly been held in reverential regard, but "the young good-for-nothing vagabonds of a miserable class of men" (Delitzsch) dwelling in the neighbourhood. Job's inferiors in point of years, they should have treated him with honour and respect (Le 19:32),... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:1-31

The contrast is now completed. Having drawn the portrait of himself as he was, rich, honoured, blessed with children, flourishing, in favour with both God and man, Job now presents himself to us as he is, despised of men (verses 1-10), afflicted of God (verse 11), a prey to vague terrors (verse 15), tortured with bodily pains (verses 17, 18), cast off by God (verses 19, 20), with nothing but death to look for (verses 23-31). The chapter is the most touching in the whole book. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:1-31

The troubles of the present. In contrast to the happy past of honour and respect on which he has been so wistfully dwelling in the previous chapter, Job sees himself now exposed to the scorn and contempt of the meanest of mankind; while a flood of miseries from the hand of God passes over him. From this last chapter we have learned the honour and authority with which it sometimes pleases God to crown the pious and the faithful. From the present we see how at other times he crucifies and puts... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:1-31

A sorrowful contrast. Job's condition has become one of sorrowfulness, the humiliation of which stands in direct contrast to his former state. He graphically expresses it in a few words: "But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock." The picture of sorrowful humiliation, standing in contrast, to previous honour, wealth, and power, is very striking. It is a typical example, showing to what depths the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Job 30:8

They were children of fools. The physical degeneracy whereof Job has been speaking is accompanied in most instances by extreme mental incapacity. Some of the degraded races cannot count beyond four or five; others have not more than two or three hundred words in their vocabulary. They are all of low intellect, though occasionally extremely artful and cunning. Yea, children of base men ; literally, children of no name. Their race had never made for itself any name, but was unknown and... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Job 30:8

They were children of fools - The word rendered “fools” נבל nâbâl, means,(1) stupid, foolish; and(2) abandoned, impious; compare 1 Samuel 25:3, 1 Samuel 25:25.Here it means the worthless, the refuse of society, the abandoned. They had no respectable parentage. Umbreit, “A brood of infamy.” Coverdale, “Children of fools and villains.”Children of base men - Margin, as in Hebrew, “men of no name.” They were men of no reputation; whose ancestors had in no way been distinguished; possibly meaning,... read more

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