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William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - John 11:47-53

11:47-53 The chief priests and Pharisees assembled the Sanhedrin: "What are we going to do?" they said, "because this man does many signs. If we leave him alone like this, all will believe in him, and the Romans will come and will take away our place and will destroy our nation." One of them, called Caiaphas, who was High Priest for that year, said to them: "You are witless creatures. You do not think it out that it is to our good that one man should die for the people, rather than that the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - John 11:52

And not for that nation only ,.... For though Christ, as prophet, was sent to the Jews only, and was the minister of the circumcision, yet as a priest he did not die for them only, but for the Gentiles also; even for the whole mystical Israel of God all the world over, whether among Jews or Gentiles; see 1 John 2:2 . But that also he should gather together in one, the children of God that were scattered abroad ; by which may be meant, not only the elect of God among the Jews, who were... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - John 11:52

And not for that nation only, etc. - These, and the preceding words in John 11:51 , are John's explication of what was prophetic in the words of Caiaphas: as if John had said, He is indeed to die for the sins of the Jewish nation, but not for theirs alone, but for the sins of the whole world: see his own words afterwards, 1 John 2:1 , 1 John 2:2 . Gather together in one - That he should collect into one body; - form one Church out of the Jewish and Gentile believers. Children of... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - John 11:52

Verse 52 52.And not for that nation only. The Evangelist means that the reconciliation effected by Christ is also extended to the Gentiles. But how comes it that they who, in consequence of being wretchedly scattered and wandering, became the enemies of God, are here called the children of God ? I answer, as has been already said, God had in his breast children, who in themselves were wandering and lost sheep, or rather who were the farthest possible from being sheep, but, on the contrary, were... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:1-57

7. Christ the Antagonist of death—a victory of love and power . The narrative of this chapter is a further advance in the proof that the unbelief of the Jews was aggravated by the greatness of the revelation. The issue of his sublime and culminating act of power, of his supreme and self-revealing work of transcendent tenderness and beauty, was a deeper and wilder passion of hatred. The evangelist completes his series of seven great miracles with one that in true and believing minds,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:45-57

(4) The effect of the miracle (sign) upon the multitude and on the authorities . Their final resolve , and its bearing upon the great sacrifice of Calvary . read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:46-53

Mistaken patriotism. I. THE FUNDAMENTAL MISAPPREHENSION . We must understand clearly the great and fundamental error that underlay all the animosity of the Pharisees and priests towards Jesus. To understand that error makes their relentless pursuit of Jesus more explicable. Jesus talked much of a kingdom, and what should the Pharisees take that to mean unless a visible kingdom—a kingdom the establishment of which must be contested and prevented by the Roman empire, tolerant, of no... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:48-53

The decision of the Sanhedrin. The miracle at Bethany had still more momentous effects . I. THE MEETING OF THE SANHEDRIN . "Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What are we doing? for this Man doeth many miracles." 1. It was a conjunction of the Pharisees and the Sadducees, for the chief priests belonged to the Sadducean faction. A common danger engaged them in a common cause. 2. They frankly admitted, not only the Bethany... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:49-52

The counsel of Caiaphas. We have here recorded the witness of the earthly to the heavenly High Priest, of human guile to superhuman innocence and goodness, of worldly policy to disinterested benevolence; of personal, selfish ambition to Divine and ardent love. The Sanhedrin as a whole had testified to the reality of our Lord's miracles; Caiaphas here testified to the sacrificial offering and the world-wide mediation of Christ. And it may be noted that, not long after, Pilate bore witness... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - John 11:51-52

The evangelist discerned the presence of a deeper meaning in his words not intended by himself. As Balaam and Nebuchadnezzar and even Pharaoh had uttered unconscious or unwilling prophecies, and as in all genuine prophecies there are meanings meant by God beyond what the utterer of them at all conceived possible. So here. This he spake not from himself: but being high priest that awful, critical year, he prophesied . The high priest was believed in ancient times to have the power of... read more

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