Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Judges 4:10-16

Here, I. Barak beats up for volunteers, and soon has his quota of men ready, Jdg. 4:10. Deborah had appointed him to raise an army of 10,000 men (Jdg. 4:6), and so many he has presently at his feet, following him, and subject to his command. God is said to call us to his feet (Isa. 41:2), that is, into obedience to him. Some think it intimates that they were all footmen, and so the armies of the Jews generally were, which made the disproportion of strength between them and the enemy (who had... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Judges 4:11

Now Heber the Kenite ,.... A descendant of Kain, a principal man among the Midianites; the Targum calls him the Salmaean: which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses ; who came along with the children of Israel through the wilderness into the land of Canaan, and first settled about Jericho, and then removed into the wilderness of Judah, Judges 1:16 , had severed himself from the Kenites ; which dwelt in the said wilderness; to whom he belonged when this... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Judges 4:11

Hohab the father-in-law of Moses - For a circumstantial account of this person, and the meaning of the original word חתן chothen , which is translated son-in-law in Genesis 19:14 , see the notes on Exodus 2:15 , Exodus 2:16 , Exodus 2:18 ; Exodus 3:1 ; Exodus 4:20 , Exodus 4:24 ; Exodus 18:5 . read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Judges 4:11

Read, “Heber the Kenitc had severed himself from the Kenites which were of the children of Hobab,” etc., “unto the oak (or terebinth tree) in Zaanaim” (or Bitzaanaim, which Conder identifies with Bessum, twelve miles southeast of Tabor, and near Kedesh on the Sea of Galilee). This migration of Heber the Kenite, with a portion of his tribe, from the south of Judah to the north of Naphtali, perhaps caused by Philistine oppression, had clearly taken place recently. It is mentioned here to account... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Judges 4:11-12

Judges 4:11-12. Now Heber the Kenite The husband of Jael. Had severed himself from the Kenites From the rest of his brethren, who lived in the wilderness of Judah. What the reason was of his leaving them, is not known; but there was a special providence of God in it. Pitched his tent That is, his dwelling, which probably was in tents, as shepherds used to live. They showed Sisera That is, his people showed him, or his spies. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Judges 4:1-24

Deliverance under Deborah (4:1-5:31)Hazor, chief city of the north, had been conquered and burnt by Joshua (Joshua 11:10-13). However, not all the people had been destroyed. Having rebuilt Hazor, they now took revenge on the northern tribes, especially Zebulun and Naphtali, and ruled them cruelly for twenty years (4:1-3). (To understand fully how God saved Israel at this time, we must read the historical outline in Chapter 4 together with the song of victory in Chapter 5.)Israel’s deliverer on... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Judges 4:11

Hobab. Compare Numbers 10:29 . unto the plain. Or, at the oak. Joshua 19:33 . read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Judges 4:11

"Now Heber the Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the brother-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far as the oak in Zaanannim, which is by Kedesh.""The oak which is by Kedesh." According to Judges 4:9, Kedesh was not far from the area where the battle was fought. However, it was far enough from the battle area that Sisera's flight to the tent of Heber was a sufficient distance to leave him totally exhausted after traversing it. "Apart from... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Judges 4:11

Judges 4:11. Now Heber the Kenite— This verse is a parenthesis, to render more intelligible what follows in the 17th verse. The Kenites lived after the manner of the Midianites, from whom they descended, in tents, not in houses. Zaanaim was in the tribe of Naphtali, where there was a plain, or rather an oak grove. read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Judges 4:11

11. Now Heber the Kenite . . . pitched his tent—It is not uncommon, even in the present day, for pastoral tribes to feed their flocks on the extensive commons that lie in the heart of inhabited countries in the East (see on :-). plain of Zaanaim—This is a mistranslation for "the oaks of the wanderers." The site of the encampment was under a grove of oaks, or terebinths, in the upland valley of Kedesh. read more

Group of Brands