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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Hebrews 9:8-14

In these verses the apostle undertakes to deliver to us the mind and meaning of the Holy Ghost in all the ordinances of the tabernacle and legal economy, comprehending both place and worship. The scriptures of the Old Testament were given by inspiration of God; holy men of old spoke and wrote as the Holy Ghost directed them. And these Old-Testament records are of great use and significancy, not only to those who first received them, but even to Christians, who ought not to satisfy themselves... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Hebrews 9:11-14

9:11-14 But when Christ arrived upon the scene, a high priest of the good things which are to come, by means of a tabernacle which was greater and better able to produce the results for which it was meant, a tabernacle not made by the hands of men--that is, a tabernacle which did not belong to this world order--and not by the blood of goats and bullocks but by his own blood, he entered once and for all into the Holy Place because he had secured for us an eternal redemption. For if the blood... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Hebrews 9:14

How much more shall the blood of Christ ,.... Which is not the blood of a mere man, but the blood of the Son of God; and the argument is from the lesser to the greater; that if the ashes of the burnt heifer, which was a type of Christ in his sufferings, mixed with water, typically sanctified to the purifying of men externally, in a ceremonial way, then much more virtue must there be in the blood of Christ, to cleanse the soul inwardly: who through the eternal Spirit offered himself... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 9:14

Who through the eternal Spirit - This expression is understood two ways: Of the Holy Ghost himself. As Christ's miraculous conception was by the Holy Spirit, and he wrought all his miracles by the Spirit of God, so his death or final offering was made through or by the eternal Spirit; and by that Spirit he was raised from the dead, 1 Peter 3:18 . Indeed, through the whole of his life be was justified by the Spirit; and we find that in this great work of human redemption, the Father, the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Hebrews 9:14

Verse 14 14.Who through the eternal Spirit, etc. He now clearly shows how Christ’s death is to be estimated, not by the external act, but by the power of the Spirit. For Christ suffered as man; but that death becomes saving to us through the efficacious power of the Spirit; for a sacrifice, which was to be an eternal expiation, was a work more than human. And he calls the Spirit eternal for this reason, that we may know that the reconciliation, of which he is the worker or effecter, is eternal.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 9:11-14

Superiority of the new covenant. The advent of the Messiah has removed the defects suggested by the Mosaic ritual. He has obtained for the true Israel those great spiritual blessings which "the first covenant" was powerless to bestow. These verses indicate various elements of superiority. The new covenant has provided— I. A BETTER HIGH PRIEST . ( Hebrews 9:11 ) Our priestly Mediator is "Christ," the Anointed. He has been divinely ordained, equipped, and accredited. He is a... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 9:13-14

Ceremonial and spiritual cleansing. "For if the blood of bulls and of goats," etc. I. THE HUMAN NEED OF CLEANSING . By implication our text teaches the moral defilement of man. Both under the Mosaic and under the Christian dispensation the impurity was moral. But in the earlier dispensation the external and ceremonial uncleanness was made most conspicuous. A very small thing led to this defilement. If a man unwittingly walked over a grave, or touched a dead human body, he... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 9:13-14

Ceremonial and spiritual purification. There are here— I. THE ARRANGEMENTS FOR CEREMONIAL PURIFICATION . A red heifer—the color of red signifying the inflaming nature of sin—was to be slain by a priest; but not the high priest, who was to abstain from all contact with death. And the body and the blood were to be burnt outside the camp. Some of the blood was sprinkled towards the tabernacle, and during the process of burning, cedar wood, hyssop, and scarlet wool were thrown... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Hebrews 9:13-14

Christ a self-presented offering to purify the consciences of men. I. AN ARGUMENT FROM THE LESS TO THE GREATER . The writer reminds his readers of a kind of cleansing already practiced by them, and believed to be efficacious for its purpose. From their point of view, they had no difficulty in believing that something was really done when defiled people were sprinkled with the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer. Whatever had communicated the defilement was... read more

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