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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Isaiah 53:4-9

In these verses we have, I. A further account of the sufferings of Christ. Much was said before, but more is said here, of the very low condition to which he abased and humbled himself, to which he became obedient even to the death of the cross. 1. He had griefs and sorrows; being acquainted with them, he kept up the acquaintance, and did not grow shy, no, not of such melancholy acquaintance. Were griefs and sorrows allotted him? He bore them, and blamed not his lot; he carried them, and did... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Isaiah 53:4

Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows ,.... Or "nevertheless", as Gussetius F11 Ebr. Comment. p. 41. אכן "verumtamen", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "et tamen", so some is Vatablus. ; notwithstanding the above usage of him; though it is a certain and undoubted truth, that Christ not only assumed a true human nature, capable of sorrow and grief, but he took all the natural sinless infirmities of it; or his human nature was subject to such, as hunger, thirst,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 53:4

Surely he Bath borne our griefs "Surely our infirmities he hath borne" - Seven MSS. (two ancient) and three editions have חליינו cholayeynu in the plural number. And carried our sorrows "And our sorrows, he hath carried them" - Seventeen MSS. (two ancient) of Dr. Kennicott's, two of De Rossi's, and two editions have the word הוא hu , he, before סבלם sebalam , "carrieth them, "in the text; four other MSS. have it in the margin. This adds force to the sense, and elegance to the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:1-12

The Messianic interpretation of the chapter was universally acknowledged by the Jews until the time of Aben Ezra. It was also assumed as indisputable by the Christian Fathers. Almost all Christian expositors down to the commencement of the nineteenth century took the same view. It was only under the pressure of the Christian controversy that the later Jews abandoned the traditional interpretation, and applied the prophecy In the present century a certain number of Christian commentators... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:2-11

The sufferings of Jesus. It is the great object of Isaiah, in this chapter, to declare to his countrymen I. THE MESSIAH A SUFFERING MESSIAH . Hitherto Isaiah had looked upon the promised Redeemer on the side of his glories and his triumphs. His names were to be "Immanuel," or "God with us" ( Isaiah 7:14 ), "Wonderful," "Counsellor," "The Mighty God," "The Everlasting Father," "The Prince of Peace" ( Isaiah 9:6 ). "Of the increase of his government and peace there was to be no... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:4

Surely he hath borne our griefs ; or, surely they were our griefs which he bore. The pronouns are emphatic. Having set forth at length the fact of the Servant's humiliation ( Isaiah 53:2 , Isaiah 53:3 ), the prophet hastens to declare the reason of it. Twelve times over within the space of nine verses he asserts. with the most emphatic reiteration, that all the Servant's sufferings were vicarious, borne for him, to save him from the consequences of his sins, to enable him to escape... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:4-5

The Divine account of the sufferings of Christ. In these words, which remain ever fresh and sacred, though they are so familiar to our hearts, we have— I. A SAD AND STRIKING PICTURE . It is the picture of the Servant of the Lord, wounded, bruised, chastened, stricken. We cannot fail to see in it the sufferings of the holy Saviour. We see him: 1 . Wounded in body; not only a-hungered and athirst, not only weary with long-continued labours and without the promise of the soft... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:4-5

Man's thoughts of God's Sufferer. The prophet sets before us an unusual Sufferer, and bids us think what can be the explanation of such sufferings. 1 . It might be punishment for sin; as was David's bitter trial in the matter of Absalom. 2 . It might be discipline of character; as was the suffering of Job. Neither of these will suffice for the case that Isaiah presents. 3 . It might be vicarious, a burden-bearing for others. This only will suffice to explain the unusual woes of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 53:4-6

The suffering Servant of Jehovah. I. THE DESCRIPTION OF THE SUFFERING . It depicts, by simple force of language, its extreme intensity—not a suffering springing from internal weakness of nature, and so withering and dying like a lamp for want of oil, but " like a torch in its full flame bent and ruffled, and at length blown out by the breath of a north wind." It was a diffused suffering, according to the expression of the psalmist, "like water in his bowels, or oil in his... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 53:4

Surely - This is an exceedingly important verse, and is one that is attended with considerable difficulty, from the manner in which it is quoted in the New Testament. The general sense, as it stands in the Hebrew, is not indeed difficult. It is immediately connected in signification with the previous verse. The meaning is, that those who had despised and rejected the Messiah, had greatly erred in condemning him on account of his sufferings and humiliation. ‘We turned away from him in horror and... read more

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