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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Isaiah 63:7-14

The prophet is here, in the name of the church, taking a review, and making a thankful recognition, of God's dealings with his church all along, ever since he founded it, before he comes, in the latter end of this chapter and in the next, as a watchman upon the walls, earnestly to pray to God for his compassion towards her in her present deplorable state; and it was usual for God's people, in their prayers, thus to look back. I. Here is a general acknowledgment of God's goodness to them all... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Isaiah 63:10

But they rebelled ,.... Against the Lord, not withstanding he thought so well of them; did so many good things for them; sympathized with them, and showed them so many favours; wretched ingratitude! they rebelled against the Lord in the times of Moses, at the Red sea, and in the wilderness, by their murmurings, unbelief, and idolatry; wherefore he calls them a rebellious people, and says they were such from the day he had been with them; and so in later times, in the times of the judges, and... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 63:10

And he fought against them - Twenty-six MSS. (ten ancient) and the first edition, with another, add the conjunction ו vau , והוא vehu , and he. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 63:7-14

SECTION X.— AN ADDRESS OF THE EXILES TO GOD , INCLUDING THANKSGIVING , CONFESSION OF SIN , AND SUPPLICATION ( Isaiah 63:7 -64.). GOD PRAISED FOR HIS MERCIES . The address opens with pure and simple thanksgiving of the most general kind, God being praised for his loving-kindness, compassion, and sympathy with his people ( Isaiah 63:7-9 ). An historical survey is then commenced, and Israel's shortcomings contrasted with God's mercies, but with a... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 63:10

But they rebelled . The rebellions of Israel against God commenced in the wilderness. They rebelled at Sinai, when they set up the golden calf; at Meribah ( Numbers 20:24 ); at Shittim, when they consorted with the daughters of Moab ( Numbers 25:6 ). Under the Judges, their conduct was one long rebellion ( 2:11 ; 3:7 , 3:12 ; 4:1 ; 6:1 ; 8:33 ; 10:6 ; 13:1 ). They rebelled in Samuel's time by asking for a king ( 1 Samuel 8:5 , 1 Samuel 8:19 , 1 Samuel 8:20 ). The... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 63:10

Grieving the Spirit. "But they rebelled, and grieved his Holy Spirit." Dean Plumptre says, "Here we may note a foreshadowing of the truth of the trinal personality of the unity of the Godhead, which was afterwards to be revealed. That which "vexed" the Holy Spirit was, in the nature of the case, the unholiness of the people, and this involved a change in the manifestation of the Divine love, which was now compelled to show itself as wrath." I. THE SPIRIT IS HOLY ; EVERYTHING ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 63:10-14

The remembrance of the past. I. THE MEMORY OF GOD . If God is thought of, as he must be thought of, after the analogy of human experiences, he must be thought of as remembering, calling the past to mind, and as undergoing changes of mind in consequence. These are ways of representing first to thought, then in language, an infinite love, which must be capable of all the scale and gamut of feeling—anger, wrath, jealousy, and the revulsion almost to the tenderness of tears. So in the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Isaiah 63:10-14

How God feels and why he acts. The revolt or disobedience of Israel is said to have "vexed [grieved] his Holy Spirit." We learn from this and from a similar expression in Ephesians 4:30 — I. THE GRIEF TO WHICH GOD IS SUBJECT . Men have argued thus. God is a blessed or happy Being; he is infinite in all his attributes; therefore he is infinitely, perfectly happy; therefore there is no possibility of sorrow in his Divine nature. But such reasoning is very precarious and... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 63:10

But they rebelled - Against God. This charge is often made against the Jews; and indeed their history is little more than a record of a series of rebellions against God.And vexed - Or rather ‘grieved.’ The Hebrew word עצב ‛âtsab, in Piel, means to pain, to afflict, to grieve. This is the idea here. Their conduct was such as was suited to produce the deepest pain - for there is nothing which we more deeply feel than the ingratitude of those who have been benefited by us. Our translators have... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Isaiah 63:10

Isaiah 63:10. But they rebelled Revolted from him and, as it were, took up arms against him, many instances of which we find in their history; and vexed, or grieved, his Holy Spirit With their unbelief and murmuring, and continual proneness to idolatry, as well as by their repeated acts of obstinacy and disobedience. Therefore he was turned to be their enemy Withdrew the tokens and evidences of his love and favour; and fought against them By one judgment after another, both in the... read more

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