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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Leviticus 5:1-6

I. The offences here supposed are, 1. A man's concealing the truth when he was sworn as a witness to speak the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Judges among the Jews had power to adjure not only the witnesses, as with us, but the person suspected (contrary to a rule of our law, that no man is bound to accuse himself), as appears by the high priest adjuring our Saviour, who thereupon answered, though before he stood silent, Matt. 26:63, 64. Now (Lev. 5:1), If a soul sin (that... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Leviticus 5:6

And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the Lord, for the sin which he hath sinned ,.... To make atonement for it; this was typical of the sacrifice of Christ, whose soul was made an offering for sin, אשם , "Asham" a trespass offering, Isaiah 53:10 where the same word is used as here: a female from the flock, a lamb, or kid of the goats, for a sin offering ; it is generally thought there was a difference between a trespass offering and a sin offering; but it is not easy to say... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Leviticus 5:6

Verse 6 6.And he shall bring his trespass-offering. He proceeds with what we have already been considering, as to the removal of guilt by sacrifice; but he begins to make a distinction between the poor and the rich, which distinction applies also to what has gone before; hence it appears that the order is not exactly observed by Moses, since the cases which he inserts seem to interrupt the thread of his discourse; yet the fact remains clear, that whosoever have fallen through error are unclean... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Leviticus 5:1-13

Guilt removed. The Psalmist cried out, "Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults." To dwell upon the manner in which sin may be committed, and to try to deepen our sense of its flagrancy, is not a pleasant employment, but it is highly necessary. And, blessed be God! a rainbow of cheerful hope spans the dark cloud of transgression; the same page that speaks of sin tells also of forgiveness. I. This chapter reminds the Israelites of several ways in which, without... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Leviticus 5:1-13

The trespass offering. This was very much of the nature of the sin offering. Julius Bate translates the word ( אשם , asham ) "guilt offering." Possibly the "sin offering" and the "burnt offering" may be here comprehended under the general expression, "trespass offering" (see Leviticus 5:7 ). We have here brought under our notice— I. EXAMPLES OF the TRESPASS . Leviticus 5:1-4 , Taken in order these are: 1 . Concealing the truth when adjured. 2 . Touching an... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Leviticus 5:1-13

Cases of concealment of knowledge and ceremonial uncleanness. They are in some sense trespasses, although not properly under the head of trespass offerings. The ground of guilt is covenant relation violated. We may take this in its twofold aspect— I. As revealing THE POSITIVE VALUE OF THAT COVENANT RELATION . 1 . It separated from the unclean, and therefore enforced holiness. 2 . It maintained society. Man's duty to his fellows was exalted. He must speak the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Leviticus 5:5-6

In the four cases last mentioned there is first to be an acknowledgment of guilt, he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing , and then the sin offering is to be made. Confession of sin probably preceded or accompanied all sin offerings. The use of the word asham, translated trespass offering in Leviticus 5:6 , and the character of the four cases have led many commentators to regard Leviticus 5:1-13 as dealing with the trespass offering rather than the sin offering. But if... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Leviticus 5:5-13

Pardon possible to all. The requirements of the Law, as stated in these verses, speak of the possibility of pardon for every offender, if he be willing to submit himself to the wilt of God. We have— I. CONFESSION OF SIX . "He shall confess that he hath sinned" ( Leviticus 5:5 ). It is believed that confession was always required from the offerer when he laid his hand on the victim's head. It was a marked feature in the ceremonies of the Day of Atonement; it is expressly... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Leviticus 5:1-13

Special occasions are mentioned on which sin-offerings are to be made with a particular confession of the offence for which atonement is sought Leviticus 5:5.Leviticus 5:1Swearing - Adjuration. The case appears to be that of one who has been put upon his oath as a witness by a magistrate, and fails to utter all he has seen and heard (compare the marginal references. and Proverbs 29:24; Numbers 5:21).Leviticus 5:2-3Hid from him - Either through forgetfulness or indifference, so that purification... read more

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