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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Acts 7:30-41

Stephen here proceeds in his story of Moses; and let any one judge whether these are the words of one that was a blasphemer of Moses or no; nothing could be spoken more honourably of him. Here is, I. The vision which he saw of the glory of God at the bush (Acts 7:30): When forty years had expired (during all which time Moses was buried alive in Midian, and was now grown old, and one would think past service), that it might appear that all his performances were products of a divine power and... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Acts 7:17-36

7:17-36 "When the time for the fulfillment of the promise which God had told to Abraham drew near, the people increased and multiplied in Egypt, until there arose another king in Egypt who had no knowledge of Joseph. He schemed against our race and treated our fathers badly by making them cast out their children so that they would not survive. At this point Moses was born and he was very comely in God's sight. For three months he was nurtured in his father's house. When he was put out... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 7:30

And when forty years were expired ,.... "Forty other years" the Arabic version reads; for so long the Jews F7 Pirke Eliezer, c. 40. say Moses kept Jethro's flock, and so many years he lived in Midian; and so the Syriac version, "when then he had filled up forty years"; which agrees exactly with the account of the Jewish writers observed on Acts 7:23 who say, that he was forty years in Pharaoh's court, and forty years in Midian; so that he was now, as they F8 Sepher Cosri, fol.... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 7:31

When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight ,.... To see a bush on fire was no extraordinary thing; but to see a bush on fire, and yet not consumed by it, which was the case here, was wonderful indeed: and that an angel of the Lord, or the Lord himself, should appear in it, made it still more amazing; though, as yet, this was not observed by Moses, only the former; and which struck him with wonder, and excited his curiosity: and as he drew near to behold it ; to take a more exact view of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 7:32

Saying, I am the God of thy fathers ,.... Who made a covenant with them, promised the land of Canaan to them, and to their posterity, and to bring the children of Israel out of their servitude and bondage, and into the possession of the promised land: the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob ; words which our Lord makes use of to prove the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, since God is not the God of the dead, but of the living; see Gill on Matthew 22:32 .... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 7:33

Then said the Lord to him ,.... To Moses, who through curiosity had made too near an approach: put off thy shoes from thy feet ; in token of humility, obedience, and reverence: for the place where thou standest is holy ground ; not really, but relatively, on account of the divine presence in it, and only so long as that continued. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 7:30

In a flame of fire in a bush - See this and the following verses largely explained in the notes on Exodus 3:1-8 ; (note). read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 7:30

Verse 30 30.And when forty years were expired. As Moses was no blockish man, (424) every one of us may easily gather how many things might have come into his mind which might have caused him to mistrust his calling. The shifts and sleights of Satan are captious. We are more than bent naturally to distrustfulness; (425) what doubts soever arise in our minds concerning the word of God we do easily admit the same. It was a hard exchange to be thrust from earthly delights and a sumptuous life unto... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 7:31

Verse 31 31.He wondered at the vision. Let us know that God did use thus to deal with our fathers, that they might assuredly know his majesty; for he meant to make a manifest distinction between the visions which he showed, and the juggling casts of Satan. And this certainty is more necessary, for what credit should the oracles of God otherwise carry, wherein the covenant of eternal life is contained? Therefore, forasmuch as this alone is the true stay of faith, to have God to be the author... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 7:32

Verse 32 32.I am the God of thy fathers. Now, we see to what end the vision was offered to Moses; to wit, that the word of God might have his [its] authority. For bare visions should do but little good, unless doctrine were joined therewithal; and it is joined with them not as an inferior part, but as the cause of all visions and the end. And whereas he calleth himself the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, there is a double reason why he calleth himself so. As the majesty of God is infinite, if... read more

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